Captain Willis Parker

Thomas' Legion
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Captain Willis Parker

Willis Parker and Family

Willis Parker
Willis Parker.jpg
Willis Parker Headstone

Genealogy and Ancestry for Willis Parker
Willis Parker House.jpg
Willis Parker House

Willis S. Parker

Trail of Tears to Thomas' Legion

Willis Parker (April 12, 1819-March 18, 1905), son of Jonathan Parker, was a lifelong resident of western North Carolina. During the Trail of Tears in 1838, a wealthy gentleman paid the 19 year old Willis Parker a commutation fee* to be his "proxy soldier" during the Cherokees forced removal. (See also The Trail of Tears: Cherokee Legacy.) Now Private Willis Parker, serving in Company L with Captain Isaac Truitt, reluctantly participated, not to force the Cherokee removal but rather to be a traveling companion to his Cherokee friends and neighbors. Willis and family had enjoyed a very harmonious relationship with the neighboring Cherokees and they had even intermarried.

*According to Willis Parker's great-grandson, Mr. William M. Palmer of Andrews, NC, a wealthy man had paid Willis to be his substitute for the 1838 Indian Removal.

Thomas' Legion of Indians and Highlanders

Willis Parker served as Captain of Company I, Thomas' Legion from July 24, 1862 to January 7, 1864. According to John H. Stewart's account of Company I, Thomas' Legion of Cherokee Indians and Mountaineers, "Col. Thomas sent Captains Commissions to J. W. Cooper of Cheoah and Willis Parker of Valley River late in 1861 or early in 1862 and asked each of them to get up a Company to join his Regiment. They each made up a Company, Cooper's Company camped at what is now Robbinsville. Parker's Company camped at what is now Marble and called it Camp Valley Town. I joined Parker's Company. Both Companies drilled at their camps for a short time and then were ordered to Chilhowie [Chilhowee: as the crow flies, it is about 20 miles from Andrews, NC], Tennessee and there drilled until further orders. From that time until near Christmas 1864, the two Companies were together in the 69th Regiment part of Thomas' Legion. They were together every day, in camp, on the march and in battles."

Although Parker was enlisted by Colonel William Holland Thomas on July 20, 1862, at Valleytown, Cherokee County, North Carolina, he was elected as captain of his company on July 24, 1862. Company I, however, initially mustered as Company D, Walker's Battalion, at Valleytown. On September 27, 1862, when the Thomas Legion officially mustered at Knoxville, it became Company I, Infantry Regiment, Thomas' Legion. After the Battle of Cedar Creek, October 19, 1864, Companies C and I were temporarily consolidated under the command of Captain Nathaniel Green Philips. Company I was also involved in the Skirmish at Hanging Dog. (See also Captain Willis Parker: Compiled Military Service Record.)

Father, Family, and a Farm

During the American Civil War, anarchy ruled in the Tar Heel State's poorest region termed Western North Carolina. President Jeff Davis, Governor Zebulon Baird Vance, and numerous Confederate corps and division commanding generals heard incessant cries and pleas from the local mountain populace for protection against outliers, deserters and bushwhackers. The Shelton Laurel Massacre in Madison County, North Carolina, epitomized the region's lawlessness and anarchy. However, neighboring Cherokee County was also one of the bushwhackers' preferred areas to plunder and pillage. During a series of raids, when the bushwhackers roamed Cherokee County with impunity (O.R., 53, 313-314**), they were overjoyed while anticipating the loot from a particular farm.

As they approached the farm, one Unionist proclaimed "that we are going to make a big mistake here, because this farm belongs to Captain Willis Parker; and he, his brothers, and family will track us to the end of the earth." Parker was 6’2” and was a mounted infantry captain in Thomas’ Legion of Cherokees and Highlanders. Convinced that Captain Parker will exact complete retribution for any harm bestowed upon his family--and that there were less hazardous targets of opportunity--Captain Goldman Bryson's Company detoured and sacked the county seat, Murphy, in October 1863.

Consequently, Goldman's Robbers received their fate at the hands of the Thomas Legion's Cherokee scouts. Although Parker had avoided, by some fate, the destruction of his farm, the toll of the Civil War was not so generous. In the cold winter of 1863, Willis's son, Rufus, had contracted Typhoid while serving in the Confederate army in Virginia. Willis resigned his captain commission and, as a loving father, retrieved his dying son Rufus from Virginia. Rufus only had one prayer, "let me die at home." They made the very hazardous journey towards Cherokee County and evaded bushwhackers and outlaws, and even foraged off the land. Although Willis safely arrived home in December 1863, in just a few days Rufus succumbed to the disease and was laid to rest in the family cemetery. His home had not been burned to the ground and his prayer was answered. See also hellish conditions in Western North Carolina: O.R., Series IV, pt. 2, pp. 732-734, O.R., Series 1, Volume  53, pp. 324-336, and O.R., Series 1, Vol. 32, pt. II, pp. 610-611.

**Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies.

Civil War Records (Compiled Military Service Record)

Below is a transcription of Willis Parker's resignation letter. It was addressed to General Samuel Cooper. Cooper, who served as both Adjutant General and Inspector General of the Confederate Army, was one of only eight Confederate officers that obtained the rank of full-general. Robert E. Lee is another example.


Camp Thomas Legion

December 26th[,] 1863


Gen[.] S[amuel]. Cooper[,]


Sir[,] I respectfully tender to you my resignation as Captain of Co. [Company] I[,] Regiment of Thomas Legion[,] North Carolina Troops, believing as I do that the interests of the country can be best subserved by having in the place I now occupy a younger man. I being over the conscript age and not by any means in good health.

Very Respectfully,

Your Obdt [Obedient] Servt [Servant],

Willis Parker[,] Capt.

Co. I . Regt[,] Thomas Legion

Captain Parker tendered his resignation on December 26, 1863, by reason of age and ill-health. General Samuel Cooper recorded Parker's resignation for the Adjutant and Inspector General's Office (A&IGO), January 7, 1864. (Confederate War Record, National Archives). On January 7, 1864, Captain Joseph Anderson Kimsey assumed command of Company I, Thomas' Legion. (See Joseph A. Kimsey.)

Thomas' Legion Muster Records: Company I – Cherokee County – Willis Parker, Captain, and  Jos. A. Kimsey [Joseph Anderson Kimsey], Captain; Sol. E. Egan, First Lieutenant, all of Cherokee County; N. G. Philips [Nathaniel Green Philips], First and Second Lieutenant, and P. B. Gailer, Second Lieutenant, both of Graham county. Number of officers and men, 109.

Willis is mentioned in Walter Clark's Regiments: An Extended Index to the Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-1865, by Charles C. Davis, page 345: Parker, Willis, (Capt, Co I, 69th NCST, Thomas' Legion), volume III, p. 731. He is discussed more in detail in Vernon H. Crow's, Storm in the Mountains: Thomas' Confederate Legion of Cherokee Indians and Mountaineers.


Willis S. Parker, William Benson Parker, and William Asbury Parker

Source:  Company Muster and Descriptive Roll.  (Military Record).

All three served in Company I of Thomas' Legion and are recorded on Official Civil War Muster Records. Thomas' Legion is also referred to as Thomas' North Carolina Legion, 69th North Carolina Regiment, and Thomas' Legion of Indians and Highlanders. (See A Guide to Military Organizations and Installations of North Carolina 1861-1865)

William Benson Parker, William Asbury Parker, and Willis Parker

William Asbury served in Thomas' Legion with his brother, Captain Willis Parker, and his nephew, Corporal William Benson (Willis's son). All three are listed on Thomas Legion's muster roll: THOMAS LEGION, COMPANY I OF THE FIRST REGIMENT MUSTER ROLL. Willis's brother, John A. Parker, served as a captain in the Fifty-second Georgia Infantry Regiment, which also fought Sherman during his March to the Sea.


31 August, 1863, through 31 October, 1863

1. Willis Parker, Capt. Enlisted July 20, 1862, Valley Town, N.C., by Col. W[illiam].H[olland]. Thomas. 
Listed as present.

65. Parker, William, private.  Enlisted July 24, 1862, S[trawberry]. Plains, TN, by Capt. [William] Stringfield.  Present.  Made mark for pay.

Parker History, Heritage and Genealogy

Excerpt from OUR HERITAGE by Margaret Walker Freel, the Miller Printing Company, Asheville, NC, 1956, p. 325 and 326:

Willis Parker, the oldest son of Jonathan Parker, belonged to the State Militia, and assisted in the removal in 1838. He always said the Indians should have been allowed to remain in their mountain homes. He and the Indians were always friends.

The Indians who remained here often came to his home to talk with him and to ask his advice. Willis and John A. were Captains of Volunteer Companies of the Confederate Army in the War Between the States. Willis Parker's company in Cherokee Co., and John A. Parker's company in Ga. [John A. is Willis's brother]

Willis Parker married Adaline Vannoy, daughter of Joel Vannoy, who moved his family in wagons from Wilkes Co. to Cherokee Co. in 1839. He came to mine for gold, but not finding much gold, returned to Wilkesboro. Willis Parker bought the farm owned by Vannoy. He and his wife lived there the rest of their lives and reared ten children.

The fifth generation is living on the farm. During the war the home was ransacked by a posse posing as Federal soldiers, thinking there was gold on the place, and threatened to burn the home when they failed to find it. Capt. Parker mined for gold at his home and at Dahlonega, Ga., in the gold strike there.

Military: Willis Parker was a Captain in Co. I, NC Infantry, Thomas' Legion, North Carolina Troops. Volunteers enlisted in Cherokee County into Colonel W. H. Thomas' Legion of Indians and Highlanders, North Carolina Volunteers. He was listed as being 6' 2" and having a dark complexion, black eyes, and black hair; farmer; resigned January 7, 1864, at Bulls Gap, Tennessee. (His reason was that he was over 45 years of age and in ill-health.)


Parker, Willis S.
Birth: 12 APR 1819 Haywood Co., N.C.
Death: 18 MAR 1905 Cherokee Co, N.C.
Burial: Willis Parker/Johnson Greybeard Cemetery, Cherokee Co., N.C. Inscription: WILLIS PARKER N.C. MTD. INF. CHEROKEE WAR APR. 12, 1819 MAR. 18, 1905 CAPTAIN IN CONFEDERATE ARMY.
Gender: Male

             Father: Parker, Jonathan
             Mother: Blythe, Leoma



     Vannoy, Adeline Amelia  
     Birth: 18 MAR 1827
     Death: 20 AUG 1897 Cherokee Co., N.C.
     Burial: Willis Parker/Johnson Greybeard Cemetery, Cherokee Co., N.C.
     Gender: Female

         Father: Vannoy, Joel
         Mother: St.Clair, Elizabeth


Parker, John Rufus
Birth: 12 NOV 1843 Cherokee Co., N.C.
Death: December 1863, Cherokee Co., N.C. 
(While visiting the Willis Parker/Johnson Greybeard Cemetery in September 2006, Mr. William M. Palmer--the great grandson of Captain Willis Parker--stated the following history: "While serving in the Confederate Army in Virginia, Rufus contracted Typhoid. Willis escorted his son Rufus to Cherokee Co., where Rufus succumbed to the disease. John Rufus is believed to have served in Thomas' Legion of Indians and Highlanders." Burial: Willis Parker/Johnson Greybeard Family Cemetery. Inscription: RUFUS PARKER 1843--1863 CONFEDERATE ARMY DIED IN SERVICE)
Gender: Male
Parker, William Benson "Bud" (Thomas' Legion, buried Willis Parker/Johnson Greybeard Cemetery. See also William Benson Parker)
Parker, Louisa Maria
Parker, Eugenia Vannoy
Parker, Sophia
Parker, Joseph Vannoy
Parker, Edwin A.
Birth: 1 FEB 1859 Cherokee Co., N.C.
Death: 1919 Oklahoma
Gender: Male
Parker, Mary
Parker, Jonathan Carl

Parker Family Cemetery

Parker Johnson Greybeard Cemetery.jpg

Willis Parker's original headstone shown with the new headstone partially visible to the left. The Greybeards reportedly purchased the new headstone, but it, yes, a Confederate headstone, was factually provided at no cost, including shipping, by the Federal government. Willis Parker--Johnson Greybeard Cemetery. Willis Parker's great grandson, Mr. William M. Palmer, is holding the original headstone for Willis Parker. The Greybeards were Cherokees and very close friends with the Parkers. Photo September 2006.

Parker Johnson Greybeard Cemetery.jpg

Location: Willis Parker--Johnson Greybeard Cemetery. Inscription: WILLIS PARKER N.C. MTD. INF. CHEROKEE WAR APR. 12, 1819 MAR. 18, 1905 CAPTAIN IN CONFEDERATE ARMY. Photo September 2006.
Willis Parker's headstone was provided by the United States government and erected in 1928. This, however, was a UNION issued headstone. While there was a completely different headstone furnished for Confederates, this may have been issued solely on Mr. Parker's U.S. service during the Trail of Tears in 1838, making an oversight of Parker's Confederate military service from the 1860s a more plausible scenario. See also Confederate Headstones.

Captain Willis Parker
Willis Parker Headstone Application.jpg
Willis Parker Headstone Application

Willis Parker (April 12, 1819 - March 18, 1905) headstone application, dated July 20, 1927, submitted by his granddaughter Pearl Vivian Parker (March 16, 1888 - March 24, 1959). Application shows approval and shipment date of government headstone application for Confederate Captain Willis Parker by United States War Department. In the politically correct era that we now live in, while vandals and hoodlums are desecrating all things Confederate, the United States government once recognized the Confederate military service of all persons. (The U.S. government states by law that Confederate and Union Veterans are Equal.) This Confederate headstone was made by the US government for the late Captain Willis Parker and was then shipped to the next of kin on April 20, 1928. See also Confederate Headstones.
About Confederate headstones provided by the United States government:
Headstones for Confederate soldiers and sailors “who died in Federal prisons and military hospitals in the North and who were buried near their places of confinement” were authorized by an act of March 6, 1906 (34 Stat. 56), which required the headstones to be “similar to those recently placed over the graves in the ‘Confederate section’” of Arlington National Cemetery. An act of February 26, 1929 (45 Stat. 1307), authorized headstones for “soldiers who served in the Confederate Army” buried in any place. An act of July 1, 1948 (62 Stat. 1215), extended the privilege of a government-provided headstone to all members of the U.S. armed forces who died while in service or who had been honorably discharged.
The Cemetery Branch was established shortly after the Civil War in the Office of the Quartermaster General. Much of the branch’s work involved establishing, maintaining, and improving national military cemeteries as the last resting place for the war dead. On March 3, 1873, Congress granted burial rights in national military cemeteries to all honorably discharged veterans of the Civil War (17 Stat. 605). An act of Congress of February 3, 1879 (20 Stat. 281), extended the privilege of government-provided gravestones to soldiers buried in private cemeteries. Today, the Department of Veterans Affairs is responsible for overseeing burials, including headstones, of all our nation's veterans.

Parker Greybeard Cemetery.jpg

Adeline Amelia Vannoy Parker (L) and Willis Parker (R) (Willis Parker--Johnson Greybeard Cemetery). Photo September 2006.

Parker Johnson Greybeard Cemetery.jpg

Rufus Parker buried at Willis Parker--Johnson Greybeard Cemetery. Mr. William M. Palmer--the great grandson of Captain Willis Parker--stated the following history: "While serving in the Confederate Army in Virginia, Rufus contracted Typhoid. Willis escorted his son Rufus to Cherokee Co., where Rufus succumbed to Typhoid. John Rufus is believed to have served in Thomas' Legion of Indians and Highlanders." Burial: Willis Parker/Johnson Greybeard Family Cemetery. Inscription: RUFUS PARKER 1843--1863 CONFEDERATE ARMY DIED IN SERVICE.

Parker Johnson Greybeard Cemetery.jpg

Willis Parker--Johnson Greybeard Cemetery. Photo September 2006.

Willis Parker Home.jpg

Willis Parker's home from 1890-1905. Mr. and Mrs. Willis Parker spent their latter years in this home. The home is located adjacent the Valley River and approximately 350 yards from the Willis Parker--Johnson Greybeard Cemetery. Willis' father, Jonathan Parker, is interred adjacent Willis' house in the Jonathan Parker Family Cemetery. Photo September 2006.
The Willis Parker--Johnson Greybeard Cemetery is a private cemetery and is located approximately 2 miles west of Andrews, North Carolina. I am indebted to Mr. William M. Palmer for allowing me access to the Willis Parker--Johnson Greybeard Cemetery and for sharing his vast knowledge of the Parkers and Greybeards.

Also, do you possess additional information, documents, references, corrections, or photos regarding  Jonathan Parker and family? If so, please contact me. Regards, Matt Parker

Notes and Related Reading:
After the American Civil War, many Parkers relocated to Delaware and Sequoyah Counties, Cherokee Nation (one of the Five Civilized Tribes and former parent to the Eastern Band of Cherokee Nation), Oklahoma.

Additional Reading:

Jonathan Parker (Willis' father)

In the name of God Amen

I, Jonathan Parker being low in health but of
sound mind do make this my last Will and Testament.
I will my Soul to God who gave it and body
to be buried in Christian like manner
or at the will of my friends.

Now as to the Estate or property with which
it has please God to bestow ? me with in this life.

I do will and bequeath as follows ( Viz. )
First I will to my beloved wife Naonary (sic)
Parker my home Plantation containing one hundred & sixty
seven acres ( more or less ) and also a Small Tract
of Land on the waters of Snowbird Creek containing
one hundred acres together with all my live stock
such as Horses, Cattle, Sheep and Hogs----and also the
Household I Kitchen Furniture together with the
Plantation tools--during the lifetime of my said wife
Naonary (sic) Parker.  And at her Death the remainder
of the property which She may have on hand--I wish it to
be put up and sold to the highest bidder & the proceeds
Equally divided among her children--In
witness whereof I the said Jonathan Parker have
hereunto set my hand & seal--this Fifth day of October
Jonathan Parker   ( Seal )

Attest E.G. Morvan
T. N. Colvard

I do hereby appoint my two sons Willis Parker &
John Parker as my Lawful Executors.
In witness where of I set my hand and Seal this
20th day of May 1866

Jonathan Parker   ( Seal )

T. N. Colvard
E. G. Morvan

State of N. Carolina}Court of pleas and
quarters Sessions Cherokee County}July (unreadable) 1867
There was brought into open Court a paper writing
Purporting to be the last Will and Testament of
Jonathan Parker desc. & which proven by the Oath of
E. G. Morvan one of the subscribing witnesses
thereto for the purposes therein contained.
D. Weeks Clk.
Minute Docket page 82
Recorded Will Book page 5


Record of Deeds Probated, 1837-1875: Deed of conveyance of 640-acre tract from several Indians to
State, Apr., 1838; deed of conveyance and power of attorney from John Welch (Indian) to Jonathan
Blyth and Jonathan Parker, June, 1838; power of attorney from Peggy, Samuel, Williston, and
William Jones (Indian) to Dillard Love, Sept., 1841

Census Tracking Sheets
1810 Buncombe Census
1820 Buncombe Census
William S. Parker        000010-00101-0100
Census Haywood 1820 (Parker first appeared in Haywood census in 1820)
Parker, William Sin.     030001-01001-0100
Parker, William Jun.     000100-20100-0100
Parker, Solomon          201100-20010-0100
Parker, Jonathan         100010-00100-0100
Census Haywood 1830
PARKER, William Senr.   0000100100000-0000100010000     4 (In Household)
PARKER, William         2100010000000-0120010000000     8   " " "
PARKER, John            2000100000000-1200200000000     8
PARKER, Andrew          0002000010000-0001100010000             6
PARKER, Solomon         1110010000000-2201010000000             10
Census Macon 1830
Jonathan Parker; 1m 5-10, 1m 10-15, 1m 30-40; 2f 0-5, 2f 5-10, 1f 15-
20, 1f 30-40Parker, Jonathan

1840 census Cherokee
241 7   PARKER          Johnithan   pg00237
CENSUS: 1840 Unknown District, Cherokee County, NC: Johnthan Parker 2M under 5, 1M 5-10, 1M 15-20, 1M 20-30, 1M 40-50, 1F under 5, 2F 10-15, 2F 15-20, 1F 40-50.

Census Haywood 1840
PARKER, Andrew          0000200000001-0000001000100             5
PARKER, Solomon         0100101000000-1011010000000             7
PARKER, William V.              0000100000000-0000100000000             2
PARKER, John H.         1120010000000-1001010000000             8
PARKER, William S.              2212000100000-1100101000000             12
PARKER, Andrew          0000200000001-0000001000100             5
PARKER, William V.              0000100000000-0000100000000             2
PARKER, William S.              2212000100000-1100101000000             12
1840 Macon Census
151 11  PARKER          Cornwell      pg00150
164 6   PARKER          Pleas.        pg00158
164 6   PARKER          Pleas.            0     1     0     0     0     1     0     0     0
1850 Macon Census
PARKER 336A-349B-359A-372B-378A
Census Haywood 1850
PARKER 167B-187B-188A-188B-189A-191A-195A
1850 census Cherokee:
.... Jonathan...60 m...Farmer...SC
.... Leomi...53 f......SC
.... Leomi...23 f......NC
.... James...18 m...Farmer...NC
.... William A....16 m...Farmer...NC
.... Joseph...14 m......NC
.... Mary A....12 f......NC
.... Clarinda E....3 f......NC
.... Willis...31 m...Farmer...NC
.... Adaline...22 f......NC
.... John R....7 m......NC
.... William...5 m......NC
.... Louisa M....3 f......NC
.... Sophia...1/12 f......NC

.... Martin...41 m...Farmer...NC
.... Jane...41 f......NC
.... Nancy E....12 f......NC
Population: 6,958; 1,141 families
Value of real estate owned: $485,688
Attended school within the year: 1,103
Persons over 20 who cannot read and write: 1,215

 John            23 NC
 Rebecca         29 NC
 William          2
 Andrew        5/12
 Jason           29 NC

 Pleasant        41 NC
 Rebecca         37 NC
 Alfred         17 NC
 Nancy           15 NC
 Amanda          13 NC
 Levada  11 NC
 John             7 NC
 William         26 NC
 Malinda         21 NC
 Chapel           2
 James        11/12
CENSUS: 1850 Unknown Township, Cherokee County, NC: 790/790 Willis Parker 31M Farmer 75 NC, Adaline 22F NC, John R 7M NC, William 5M SCarolina, Louisa M 3F NC, Sophia 1/12F NC.

1850 Unknown Township, Cherokee County, NC: 775/775 Johnathan Parker 60M Farmer 1000 SCarolina, Leomi 53F SCarolina, Leomi 23F NC, James 18M Farmer NC, William A 16M Farmer NC, Joseph 14M NC, Mary A 12F NC, Clarinda (L?) 3F NC, Jasper Moss 17M Laborer NC, Harret Moss 12F NC, Polly Moss 10F NC, Lucinda Moss 8F NC, Lauretta Moss 5F NC.

1860 Murphy PO, Murphy Dist. Cherokee County, NC: 1427/1427 Willis Parker 41M Farmer 1000/1500 Macon County, NC, Adaline 33F Wilkes County, NC, John R 16M Cherokee County, NC, William 14M Cherokee County, NC, Lewesa M 12F Cherokee County, NC, Sophea E 9F Cherokee County, NC, Eugene 6F Cherokee County, NC, Joseph 4M Cherokee County, NC, Edwen A 2M Cherokee County, NC.

1860 Valley Town PO, Valley Town District, Cherokee County, NC: 1369/1369 Jonathan Parker 68M Farmer 3100/1000 Union County, GA?, Leoma 62F Greenville Dist, SC, Frances Adams 39M Jackson County, NC, Mary Ann 21F Cherokee County, NC, Lucreta 2F Cherokee County, NC.

1860 census Cherokee:

.... William L....68 m...Farmer...Surry Co., NC
.... Jane...63 f......Rowan Co., NC
.... Martha J....26 f......Jackson Co., GA
.... Jesse M....22 m......Jackson Co., GA

.... William C....26 m...Farmer...Jackson Co., NC
.... Manda M....23 f......Towns Co., GA
.... Roda L....2 f......Cherokee Co., NC
.... Sarah L....6/12 f......Cherokee Co., NC

.... Bithline...64 f...Widow...Lumpkin Co., GA
Parker, John...41 m......Lumpkin Co., GA
Parker, Joseph...50 m...Miner...Lumpkin Co., GA
Shook, William...12 m......Jackson Co., NC
Shook, John...5 m......Towns Co., GA

.... Elizabeth...32 f...House Keeper...Macon Co., NC
.... Elizabeth...10 f......Cherokee Co., NC
.... Ivy Ann...8 f......Cherokee Co., NC
.... Martha ...6 f......Cherokee Co., NC

.... Jonathan...68 m...Farmer...Union Co., GA
.... Leoma...62 f......Greenville Dist. SC
Adams, Francis...29 m......Jackson Co., NC
Adams, Mary Ann...21 f......Cherokee Co., NC
Adams, Luereta...2 f......Cherokee Co., NC

.... William A....24 m...Farmer...Cherokee Co., NC
.... Nancy...26 f......Macon Co., NC
.... Sarah E....4 f......Cherokee Co., NC
.... John...2 m......Cherokee Co., NC

.... Willis...41 m...Farmer...Macon Co., NC
.... Adaline...33 f......Wilkes Co., NC
.... John R....16 m......Cherokee Co., NC
.... William...14 m......Cherokee Co., NC
.... Lewisa M....12 f......Cherokee Co., NC
.... Sophia E....9 f......Cherokee Co., NC
.... Eugene...6 f......Cherokee Co., NC
.... Joseph...4 m......Cherokee Co., NC
.... Edwin A....2 m......Cherokee Co., NC

.... Alexander...33 m...Farmer...Macon Co., NC
.... Mary...31 f......Buncombe Co., NC
.... John...9 m......Macon Co., NC
.... Josephine...7 f......Cherokee Co., NC
.... Harriet...5 f......Cherokee Co., NC
.... Ellen...3 f......Cherokee Co., NC

.... Lilly...59 f...Widow...Henderson Co., NC
.... George W....17 m......Henderson Co., NC

.... Nathan...43 m...Farmer...Jackson Co., NC
.... Anna ...^^ f......Spartanburg Dist. SC
.... Vina...14 f......Cherokee Co., NC
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shooting Creek District; P.O.: Shooting Creek
p.166 - 250A

.... Alfred...9 m......Cherokee Co., NC
.... Mary J....7 f......Cherokee Co., NC
.... Nancy M....2 f......Cherokee Co., NC

1870 Valley Town Township, Valley Town PO, Cherokee County, NC: 23/23 Parker Willis 51M Farmer 400/500 NC, Adaline 43F Keeping House NC, William 25M Farm Laborer SC, Mariah 21F At Home NC, Sophia 18F At Home NC, Parker Eugenia 16F At Home NC, Joseph 13M Farm Laborer NC, Augustus 11M Farm Laborer NC, Jefferson 9M Farm Laborer NC, Mary 6F At Home NC, Johnathan 3M At Home NC.

Gloucester Township       
1870 Census -  Transylvania County, NC 
55  Parker, Pleasant 60    M W  Farmer    [blk] 100
    ",  Rebecca  60    F W

1900 ED 9, Valleytown Township, Cherokee County, NC: 289/289 Parker William B Head Dec 1845 54 M 25 SC NC NC, Clarinda E Wife June 1848 51 M 25 7/5 children NC NC NC, Florence B Daughter May 1873 27 S NC SC NC, Charlie V Son Aug 1875 24 S NC SC NC, Gustus E Son June 1880 19 S NC SC NC, Daisey Daughter July 1883 16 S NC SC NC, Mary M Daughter Jan 1885 15 NC SC NC, Willis Father Apr 1819 81 Wd NC NC SC, John Uncle July 1821 78 Wd NC NC SC.

Genealogy and Family History: A Heritage

Recommended Reading: Bushwhackers, The Civil War in North Carolina: The Mountains (338 pages). Description: Trotter's book (which could have been titled "Murder, Mayhem, and Mountain Madness") is an epic backdrop for the most horrific murdering, plundering and pillaging of the mountain communities of western North Carolina during the state’s darkest hour—the American Civil War. Commonly referred to as Southern Appalachia, the North Carolina and East Tennessee mountains witnessed divided loyalties in its bushwhackers and guerrilla units. These so-called “bushwhackers” even used the conflict to settle old feuds and scores, which, in some cases, continued well after the war ended. Continued below...

Some bushwhackers were highly organized ‘fighting guerrilla units’ while others were a motley group of deserters and outliers, and, since most of them were residents of the region, they were familiar with the terrain and made for a “very formidable foe.” In this work, Trotter does a great job on covering the many facets of the bushwhackers, including their: battles, skirmishes, raids, activities, motives, the outcome, and even the aftermath. This book is also a great source for tracing ancestors during the Civil War; a must have for the family researcher of Southern Appalachia.


Recommended Reading: The Life of Johnny Reb: The Common Soldier of the Confederacy (444 pages) (Louisiana State University Press) (Updated edition: November 2007) Description: The Life of Johnny Reb does not merely describe the battles and skirmishes fought by the Confederate foot soldier. Rather, it provides an intimate history of a soldier's daily life--the songs he sang, the foods he ate, the hopes and fears he experienced, the reasons he fought. Wiley examined countless letters, diaries, newspaper accounts, and official records to construct this frequently poignant, sometimes humorous account of the life of Johnny Reb. In a new foreword for this updated edition, Civil War expert James I. Robertson, Jr., explores the exemplary career of Bell Irvin Wiley, who championed the common folk, whom he saw as ensnared in the great conflict of the 1860s. Continued below...

About Johnny Reb:

"A Civil War classic."--Florida Historical Quarterly

"This book deserves to be on the shelf of every Civil War modeler and enthusiast."--Model Retailer

"[Wiley] has painted with skill a picture of the life of the Confederate private. . . . It is a picture that is not only by far the most complete we have ever had but perhaps the best of its kind we ever shall have."--Saturday Review of Literature 

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