Andrew Johnson Timeline : President Andrew Johnson Facts and History

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President Andrew Johnson Timeline

Queen Emma of the Sandwich Islands (now known as the Hawaiian Islands) came to visit President Andrew Johnson in Washington. It was the first time a Queen had visited the White House. She gave an ivory basket to President and Mrs. Johnson. It is now on display in the Andrew Johnson National Historic Site Museum.

1808     Andrew Johnson is born in Raleigh, North Carolina.

1812     Jacob Johnson, Andrew's father, dies.

1818     Andrew Johnson is apprenticed to James Selby.

1826     Andrew Johnson arrives in Greeneville, Tennessee.

1827     Andrew Johnson marries Eliza McCardle.

1828     Martha Johnson is born.

1829     Andrew Johnson elected alderman of Greeneville.

1830     Charles Johnson is born.

1832     Mary Johnson is born.

1834     Robert Johnson is born.

1834     Andrew Johnson elected mayor of Greeneville.

1835     Andrew Johnson becomes a state representative.

1839     Andrew Johnson becomes a state representative.

1841     Andrew Johnson becomes a state senator.

1843     Andrew Johnson elected from the first congressional district as a United States Representative for the first of five terms.

1846     Andrew Johnson introduces the Homestead Bill in the U.S. House of Representatives.

1852     Andrew Johnson Jr. is born.

1853     Andrew Johnson becomes Governor of Tennessee.

1855     Andrew Johnson re-elected Governor of Tennessee.

1857     Andrew Johnson becomes a U.S. Senator.

1857     Andrew Johnson introduces the Homestead Bill in the U.S. Senate.

1859     Robert Johnson becomes a member of the Tennessee state legislature.

1861     Andrew Johnson remains loyal to the Union at the outbreak of the Civil War and keeps his Senate seat when Tennessee secedes. Johnson is the sole Southern United States Senator that refused to resign.

1862     Andrew Johnson is appointed military governor of Tennessee and resigns from the Senate.

1863     Charles Johnson dies from injuries sustained after a fall from a horse. He was serving as an assistant surgeon with the Union army outside of Nashville, TN.

1864     Andrew Johnson elected Vice-President of the United States.

1865     President Abraham Lincoln is assassinated and Andrew Johnson is sworn in as the 17th President of the United States.

1865     Johnson appoints provisional governors for seven of the former Confederate states.

1865     Johnson presents his First Annual Message to Congress.

1866     The University of North Carolina awards Johnson an Honorary Doctorate.

1866     Andrew Johnson holds a reception at the White House for Queen Emma of the Sandwich Islands, now known as Hawaii. This was the first time a queen had visited the White House.

1866     To try to persuade the public to elect a Congress sympathetic with his plan of reconstruction, Andrew Johnson tours the Northeast and Midwest in his "Swing Around the Circle" campaign.

1867     Johnson vetoes the Tenure of Office Act and the Military Reconstruction Bills.

1867     Johnson suspends Secretary of War, Edwin Stanton.

1867     The Senate approves the purchase of Alaska from Russia.

1868     Johnson removes Edwin Stanton as Secretary of War.

1868     President Andrew Johnson is impeached by the House of Representatives. He is acquitted by the Senate.

1869     Johnson and his family return to Greeneville.

1869     Robert Johnson dies.

1869     Johnson's try for another term as United States Senator is defeated.

1872     Johnson runs for the United States House of Representatives, but is defeated.

1875     Johnson is elected to the United States Senate and attends a special session. He remains the only U.S. President to return to the Senate.

1875     Andrew Johnson dies of a stroke while visiting his daughter Mary in Carter County, TN. Johnson is interred at the Andrew Johnson National Cemetery.

Sources: Andrew Johnson National Historic Site; National Park Service; Library of Congress.

Recommended Reading: Andrew Johnson : A Biography (Signature Series) (Hardcover). Description: On April 14, 1865, just as the American Civil War came to an end, Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by a Confederate actor. The next morning Andrew Johnson was suddenly elevated to the position of president of the United States at a time when the nation was still suffering from the effects of war. This biography explores the enigma of the homeless and uneducated tailor whose spectacular rise to power ended in disgrace. It relates how his term in office undermined the process of reconstruction and left a legacy of racism. Over a century later, Johnson remains the only president of the United States to have been impeached. The author explores Johnson's undeniable skills as a political leader and his stubborn attachment to a mythical view of the America of his youth, which proved to be his undoing. Continued below…

From Library Journal: Known for his Carl Schurz: A Biography (LJ 2/15/82), Trefousse delivers the first Johnson study in years, a definitive assessment of his career and presidency. Johnson's papers and other sources reveal his fatal idealization of the agrarian utopia, his fierce advocacy of strict Constitutional constructionism, and his imprudent insistence upon the Republican Party’s adoption of his views on race. Trefousse demonstrates that Johnson, because of his upbringing, was out of step with the great changes emerging at the end of the Civil War. His stubborn attachment to his increasingly archaic views was responsible for his political and military success, but also for his impeachment. A brilliant, compassionate portrait of a dynamic era of social change and national healing, and of the tragic failure of an American leader. Not to be missed. --Susan E. Parker, Harvard Law Sch. Library. About the Author: Hans L. Trefousse is professor of history at Brooklyn College and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. His other books include The Radical Republicans, a path breaking history of Reconstruction.

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Related Reading:

Recommended Reading: Andrew Johnson: The American Presidents Series: The 17th President, 1865-1869 (Hardcover). Description: The unwanted president who ran afoul of Congress over Reconstruction and was nearly removed from office. Andrew Johnson never expected to be president, but just six weeks after becoming Abraham Lincoln’s vice president, the events at Ford’s Theatre thrust him into the nation’s highest office. Continued below…

Johnson faced a nearly impossible task—to succeed America’s greatest chief executive, to bind the nation’s wounds after the Civil War, and to work with a Congress controlled by the so-called Radical Republicans. Annette Gordon-Reed, one of America’s leading historians of slavery, shows how ill-suited Johnson was for this daunting task. His vision of reconciliation abandoned the millions of former slaves (for whom he felt undisguised contempt) and antagonized congressional leaders, who tried to limit his powers and eventually impeached him. The climax of Johnson’s presidency was his trial in the Senate and his acquittal by a single vote, which Gordon-Reed recounts with drama and palpable tension. Despite his victory, Johnson’s term in office was a crucial missed opportunity; he failed the country at a pivotal moment, leaving America with problems that we are still trying to solve. About the Author: Annette Gordon-Reed is a professor of law at New York Law School, where she has taught since 1992. She is the author of the celebrated Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings: An American Controversy, co-author with Vernon Jordan of Vernon Can Read!, and editor of Race on Trial: Law and Justice in American History. She lives in New York City.


Recommended Reading: The Presidency of Andrew Johnson (American Presidency Series) (Hardcover). Description: Andrew Johnson, who became president after the assassination of Lincoln, oversaw the most crucial and dramatic phase of Reconstruction. Historians have therefore tended to concentrate, to the exclusion of practically everything else, upon Johnson's key role in that titanic event. Although his volume focuses closely on Johnson's handling of Reconstruction, it also examines other important aspects of his administration, notably his foreign, economic, and Indian policies. As one of the few historians to do this, the author provides a broader and more balanced picture of Johnson's presidency than has been previously available. Continued below…

Johnson has always been an enigma: much is known about what he did, little about why he did it. He wrote few letters, kept no diary, and rarely confided in anyone. Most historians either admire or despise him, depending on whether they consider his Reconstruction policies right or wrong. Castel achieves an objective reassessment of Johnson and his presidential actions by examining him primarily in terms of his effectiveness in using power and by not judging him--as most other scholars have--on moralistic or ideological grounds. The book begins with an overview of America at the end of the Civil War and a description of Johnson's political career prior to 1865. Castel recounts the drama of Johnson's sudden inheritance of the presidency upon Lincoln's death and then examines how Johnson organized and operated his administration. Johnson's formulation of a Reconstruction policy for the defeated South comes under special scrutiny; Castel evaluates Johnson's motives for that policy, its implementation, and its reception in both North and South. He descries and analyzes Johnson's quarrel with the Republican dominated Congress over Reconstruction, the triumph of the Republicans in the election of 1866, the president's frustrated attempt to remove Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton from office, his bitter dispute with General Ulysses S. Grant, and his impeachment by Congress. Johnson's impeachment trial is covered in detail; Castel explains how it was that Johnson escaped conviction and removal from office by the narrowest possible margin. The book concludes with a discussion of Johnson's place in history as judged by scholars during the past one hundred years. This study sheds light on the nation's problems during the chaotic period between 1865 and 1869 and contributes a great deal to a much improved understanding of the seventeenth president. This book is part of the American Presidency Series.


FIVE STARS! Recommended Reading: The Civil War: A Narrative, by Shelby Foote (3 Volumes Set) [BOX SET] (2960 pages) (9.2 pounds). Review: This beautifully written trilogy of books on the American Civil War is not only a piece of first-rate history, but also a marvelous work of literature. Shelby Foote brings a skilled novelist's narrative power to this great epic. Many know Foote for his prominent role as a commentator on Ken Burns's PBS series about the Civil War. These three books, however, are his legacy. His southern sympathies are apparent: the first volume opens by introducing Confederate President Jefferson Davis, rather than Abraham Lincoln. But they hardly get in the way of the great story Foote tells. This hefty three volume set should be on the bookshelf of any Civil War buff. --John Miller. Continued below…

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Product Description:

Foote's comprehensive history of the Civil War includes three compelling volumes: Fort Sumter to Perryville, Fredericksburg to Meridian, and Red River to Appomattox. Collected together in a handsome boxed set, this is the perfect gift for any Civil War buff.

Fort Sumter to Perryville

"Here, for a certainty, is one of the great historical narratives of our century, a unique and brilliant achievement, one that must be firmly placed in the ranks of the masters." —Van Allen Bradley, Chicago Daily News

"Anyone who wants to relive the Civil War, as thousands of Americans apparently do, will go through this volume with pleasure.... Years from now, Foote's monumental narrative most likely will continue to be read and remembered as a classic of its kind." —New York Herald Tribune Book Review

Fredericksburg to Meridian

"This, then, is narrative history—a kind of history that goes back to an older literary tradition.... The writing is of the historical and literary achievements of our time." —The Washington Post Book World

" described with such meticulous attention to action, terrain, time, and the characters of the various commanders that I understand, at last, what happened in that battle.... Mr. Foote has an acute sense of the relative importance of events and a novelist's skill in directing the reader's attention to the men and the episodes that will influence the course of the whole war, without omitting items which are of momentary interest. His organization of facts could hardly be bettered." —Atlantic

Red River to Appomattox

"An unparalleled achievement, an American Iliad, a unique work uniting the scholarship of the historian and the high readability of the first-class novelist." —Walker Percy

"I have never read a better, more vivid, more understandable account of the savage battling between Grant's and Lee's armies.... Foote stays with the human strife and suffering, and unlike most Southern commentators, he does not take sides. In objectivity, in range, in mastery of detail in beauty of language and feeling for the people involved, this work surpasses anything else on the subject.... It stands alongside the work of the best of them." —New Republic

Recommended Reading: U.S. Presidents for Dummies (408 pages). Description: Forty-three Americans, as of 2002, have held the office of President of the United States. Each has a story, be it one of vision, accomplishment, conflict, scandal, triumph, or tragedy. And each story is at the center of the national story, a part of what we all experience. History buffs find endless fascination – and a greater understanding of America today – in the colorful personalities and momentous events that surround the Oval Office. If you want the complete take on U.S. presidents, from George Washington to George W. Bush, you’ll appreciate U.S. Presidents for Dummies. Continued below... 
Written in a lively style by a history professor at the University of Texas, this fun guidebook of chief executives is packed with information, factoids, and memorable quotes. Inside, you’ll find out which president:
Promised to only serve one term, and kept his word!
Was a great person but a rotten president
Campaigned on nothing but image – in the nineteenth century!
May be the most underrated president in history
Had his own distributor bringing liquor to the White House – during Prohibition!
Appointed the first female cabinet member
Pushed through the first civil rights legislation after the end of the Civil War
Said of himself, “I am a man of limited talents from a small town. I don’t seem to grasp that I am president.”
U.S. Presidents for Dummies offers a wealth of knowledge on what it takes to be the leader of the free world, and who has stepped up to the challenge. Dividing the ranks of presidents into chronological groups for a broader, historical understanding of the office, this book discusses:
The birth and evolution of the presidency
Ineffective presidents
Forgettable presidents
Working up to the Civil War
Reconstruction presidents
Becoming a force in the world
Instituting the Imperial Presidency
Today’s changing dynamics and the Presidency
A treasury of information, this book features an easy-to-comprehend style and sharp historical analysis. Sidebars, photos, timelines, and best and worst lists make U.S. Presidents for Dummies a historical blast to read and a must-have for understanding the state of both yesterday’s and today’s union.
Recommended Viewing: Biography: Abraham Lincoln - Preserving the Union (A&E) (DVD) (100 minutes). Description: This edition of Biography, the long-running documentary series from A&E, explores the life of the 16th President of the U.S., Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln was born near Hodgenville, Kentucky, and was eventually elected to the Illinois legislature in 1834. He became a lawyer in 1836. A decade later, he was elected to a single term in Congress, where he spoke against the extension of slavery, became a Republican in 1856, and in 1860 was elected president on a platform of hostility toward slavery's expansion. Continued below…

When the Civil War began in 1861, he defined the issue in terms of national integrity, not anti-slavery, a theme he restated in the Gettysburg Address of 1863. Nonetheless, the same year, he proclaimed freedom for all slaves in areas of rebellion. He was re-elected in 1864, and after the final Northern victory, he intended to reunite the former warring parties on the easiest possible terms; but on April 14, 1865, he was shot at Ford's Theatre, Washington, by an actor, John Wilkes Booth, and died next morning. He is remembered for his considerable political skills, and his self-education and broad vision have come to be a symbol of American democracy. Lincoln's life and political career are documented using historic photographs, personal letters and interviews with historians. ~ John Patrick Sheehan, All Movie Guide

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