Lane's Report--Appomattox Surrender

Thomas' Legion
American Civil War HOMEPAGE
American Civil War
Causes of the Civil War : What Caused the Civil War
Organization of Union and Confederate Armies: Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery
Civil War Navy: Union Navy and Confederate Navy
American Civil War: The Soldier's Life
Civil War Turning Points
American Civil War: Casualties, Battles and Battlefields
Civil War Casualties, Fatalities & Statistics
Civil War Generals
American Civil War Desertion and Deserters: Union and Confederate
Civil War Prisoner of War: Union and Confederate Prison History
Civil War Reconstruction Era and Aftermath
American Civil War Genealogy and Research
Civil War
American Civil War Pictures - Photographs
African Americans and American Civil War History
American Civil War Store
American Civil War Polls
North Carolina Civil War History
North Carolina American Civil War Statistics, Battles, History
North Carolina Civil War History and Battles
North Carolina Civil War Regiments and Battles
North Carolina Coast: American Civil War
Western North Carolina and the American Civil War
Western North Carolina: Civil War Troops, Regiments, Units
North Carolina: American Civil War Photos
Cherokee Chief William Holland Thomas
Cherokee Indian Heritage, History, Culture, Customs, Ceremonies, and Religion
Cherokee Indians: American Civil War
History of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indian Nation
Cherokee War Rituals, Culture, Festivals, Government, and Beliefs
Researching your Cherokee Heritage
Civil War Diary, Memoirs, Letters, and Newspapers

Lane's Report--Appomattox Surrender (April 9, 1865)

Appomattox C.H. Apl 10th 1865


I have the honor to report that on the night of the 1st of April, four Regiments of my Brigade, with intervals between the men varying from six to ten paces, were stretched along the works between Battery Gregg & Hatcher's Run in the following order from right to left, 28th, 37th, 18th, 33rd. The right of the 28th rested near the brown house in front of Genl. McRae's winter quarters, & the left of the 33rd on the branch near Mrs. Banks'. The enemy commenced shelling my line from several batteries about 9 o'clock that night, & the picket lines in my front opened fire at a quarter to 2 o'clock the following morning. The skirmishers from McGowan's Brigade, who covered the works held by my command, were driven in at a quarter to five o'clock, & my line was pierced by the enemy in strong force at the ravine in front of the right of the 37th near Genl. McGowans Hd. Qrs. The 28th, enfiladed on the left by this force & on the right by the force that had previously broken the troops to our right, was forced to fall back to the Plank Road. The enemy on its left took possession of this Road, & forced it to fall still further back to the Cox Road, where
[Page 2]
it skirmished with the enemy & supported a Battery of Artillery by order of Brig. Genl. Pendleton. The other Regiments fought the enemy between McGowan's winter quarters & those occupied by my Brigade, & were driven back; they then made a stand in the winter quarters of the right Regiment of my Command, but were again broken, a part retreating along the works to the left, & the remainder going to the rear - these last, under Col. Cowan, made a stand on the hill to the right of Mrs. Banks, but were forced back to the Plank Road, along which they skirmished for some time, & then fell back to the Cox Road, where they supported a Battery of Artillery by order of Lt. Genl. Longstreet. That portion of my Command which retreated along the works to the left, made two more unsuccessful attempts to resist the enemy, the last stand being made in the Church Road leading to the Jones House. It then fell back to Battery Gregg & the Battery to its left, but under Maj. Wooten & assisted by a part of Thomas' Brigade, it soon after charged the enemy, by order of Maj. Genl. Wilcox, & cleared the works as far as the branch on which the left of the 33rd rested the night previous. Here we were rejoined by Col. Cowan, & we deployed as skirmishers to the left of the Church Road & perpendicular to the works, but did not hold this position long, as we were
[Page 3]
attacked by a strong line of skirmishers, supported by two strong lines of battle; a part of us retreated to Battery Gregg, & the rest to the new line of works near the "Dam." Battery Gregg was subsequently attacked by an immense force, & fell after the most gallant & desperate defence, our men bayonetted many of the enemy as they mounted the parapet. After the fall of this Battery, the rest of my command, along the new line, was attacked in front & flank, & driven back to the old line of works running N.W. from Battery 45, where it remained until the evacuation of Petersburg. We were here rejoined by the 28th under Capt. Linebarger.
On the afternoon of the 3rd we crossed the Appomattox at Good's Bridge, bivouaced at Amelia C.H. on the 4th, & on the 5th formed line of battle between Amelia C.H. & Jetersville, where our Sharp Shooters, under Maj. Wooten, became engaged. Next day, while resting in Farmville, we were ordered back to a fortified hill to support our cavalry which was hard pressed, but before reaching the hill, the order was countermanded, we were moved rapidly through Farmville, & sustained some loss from the Artillery fire, while crossing the river near that place. That afternoon we formed line of battle, facing to the rear, between one & two miles from Farmville & my Sharp Shooters were attacked by the enemy. During the night we resumed our march, & on the 9th, while
[Page 4]
forming line of battle, we were ordered back & directed to stack our arms, as the Army of Northern Virginia had been surrendered.

My officers & men behaved well throughout this trying campaign, & superiority in numbers alone enabled the enemy to drive us from our works near Petersburg. Col. Cowan, though indisposed was constantly with his command, & displayed his usual gallantry, while Maj. Wooten nobly sustained his enviable reputation as an officer. We have to mourn the loss of Captains Nicholson, Faine, McAulay & Long, & other gallant officers. Capt. E.J. Hale Jr. A.A.G. & 1st Lt. E.B. Meade A.D.C. were constantly at their posts; displaying great bravery, & giving additional evidence of their efficiency as Staff Officers.

I am unable to give our exact loss at Petersburg. I surrendered at this point fifty six (56) officers, & four hundred & eighty four (484) men, many of the latter being detailed non arms bearing men, who were sent back to be surrendered with their Brigade.

The 7th, the other regiment of my Command, is absent in North Carolina, on detached service.

I am Major
Very respectfully
Your Obdt. Servt.
James H. Lane.
Brig. Genl.

[To:]  Maj. Jos. A. Engelhard.

List of Officers and Men of Lane's Brigade Present on April 9, 1865 
at Appomattox Court House

NAME RANK Co. & Regt.
James H. Lane Brig. Genl.  
E.J. Hale, Jr. Capt. A. A. Genl.  
E. B. Meade 1st Lieut. A.W.C.  
E. W. Hearndon Major, Q. M.  
T. H. McCoy Major, C. S.  
D. Y. Russell Clerk Brig. Hd. Qtrs. Co. I, 18th
A. R. Joyce Courier Co. I, 28th
I. Draughn Courier Co. A, 28th
Frank Ketner Mail Boy Co. I, 33rd
F. L. Alexander Brig. Cmdn. Sergeant Co. I, 18th
James Eure Asst. to Brig. Cmdn. Sergt Co. E, 33rd

Source: Auburn University Department of Archives and Manuscripts
Recommended Reading: Confederate Military History Of North Carolina: North Carolina In The Civil War, 1861-1865. Description: The author, Prof. D. H. Hill, Jr., was the son of Lieutenant General Daniel Harvey Hill (North Carolina produced only two lieutenant generals and it was the second highest rank in the army) and his mother was General “Stonewall” Jackson’s wife's sister. In Confederate Military History Of North Carolina, Hill discusses North Carolina’s massive task of preparing and mobilizing for the conflict; the many regiments and battalions recruited from the Old North State; as well as the state's numerous contributions during the war. Continued below...
During Hill's Tar Heel State study, the reader begins with interesting and thought-provoking statistical data regarding the 125,000 "Old North State" soldiers that fought during the course of the war and the 40,000 that perished. Hill advances with the Fighting Tar Heels to the first battle at Bethel, through numerous bloody campaigns and battles--including North Carolina’s contributions at the "High Watermark" at Gettysburg--and concludes with Lee's surrender at Appomattox. Highly recommended!

Site search Web search


Recommended Reading: In the Hands of Providence: Joshua L. Chamberlain and the American Civil War (Hardcover: 592 pages) (The University of North Carolina Press). Description: This remarkable biography traces the life and times of Joshua L. Chamberlain, the professor-turned-soldier who led the Twentieth Maine Regiment to glory at Gettysburg, earned a battlefield promotion to brigadier general from Ulysses S. Grant at Petersburg, and was wounded six times during the course of the Civil War. Continued below...

Chosen to accept the formal Confederate surrender at Appomattox, Chamberlain endeared himself to succeeding generations with his unforgettable salutation of Robert E. Lee's vanquished army. After the war, he served four terms as governor of his home state of Maine and later became president of Bowdoin College. He wrote prolifically about the war, including The Passing of Armies: An Account Of The Final Campaign Of The Army Of The Potomac.
Recommended Reading: This Republic of Suffering: Death and the American Civil War. Editorial Review from Publishers Weekly: Battle is the dramatic centerpiece of Civil War history; this penetrating study looks instead at the somber aftermath. Historian Faust (Mothers of Invention) notes that the Civil War introduced America to death on an unprecedented scale and of an unnatural kind—grisly, random and often ending in an unmarked grave far from home. Continued below...
She surveys the many ways the Civil War generation coped with the trauma: the concept of the Good Death—conscious, composed and at peace with God; the rise of the embalming industry; the sad attempts of the bereaved to get confirmation of a soldier's death, sometimes years after war's end; the swelling national movement to recover soldiers' remains and give them decent burials; the intellectual quest to find meaning—or its absence—in the war's carnage. In the process, she contends, the nation invented the modern culture of reverence for military death and used the fallen to elaborate its new concern for individual rights. Faust exhumes a wealth of material—condolence letters, funeral sermons, ads for mourning dresses, poems and stories from Civil War–era writers—to flesh out her lucid account. The result is an insightful, often moving portrait of a people torn by grief. 
Recommended Reading: The History Buff's Guide to the Civil War (400 pages). Description: Exploring the Civil War can be fascinating, but with so many battles, leaders, issues, and more than 50,000 books on these subjects, the task can also be overwhelming. Was Gettysburg the most important battle? Were Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis so different from each other? How accurate is re-enacting? Who were the worst commanding generals? Thomas R. Flagel uses annotated lists organized under more than thirty headings to see through the powder smoke and straighten Sherman’s neckties, ranking and clarifying the best, the worst, the largest, and the most lethal aspects of the conflict. Continued below... 
Major sections are fashioned around the following topics:
• Antebellum: Investigates the critical years before the war, in particular the growing crises, extremists, and slavery.
• Politics: Contrasts the respective presidents and constitutions of the Union and Confederacy, the most prominent politicians, and the most volatile issues of the times.
• Military Life: Offers insights into the world of the common soldiers, how they fought, what they ate, how they were organized, what they saw, how they lived, and how they died.
• The Home Front: Looks at the fastest growing field in Civil War research, including immigration, societal changes, hardships and shortages, dissent, and violence far from the firing lines.
• In Retrospect: Ranks the heroes and heroines, greatest victories and failures, firsts and worsts.
• Pursuing the War: Summarizes Civil War study today, including films, battlefield sites, books, genealogy, re-enactments, restoration, preservation, and other ventures.
From the antebellum years to Appomattox and beyond, The History Buff’s Guide to the Civil War is a quick and compelling guide to one of the most complex and critical eras in American history.

Recommended Reading: The Civil War Battlefield Guide: The Definitive Guide, Completely Revised, with New Maps and More Than 300 Additional Battles (Second Edition) (Hardcover). Description: This new edition of the definitive guide to Civil War battlefields is really a completely new book. While the first edition covered 60 major battlefields, from Fort Sumter to Appomattox, the second covers all of the 384 designated as the "principal battlefields" in the American Civil War Sites Advisory Commission Report. Continued below...

As in the first edition, the essays are authoritative and concise, written by such leading Civil War historians as James M. McPherson, Stephen W. Sears, Edwin C. Bearss, James I. Robinson, Jr., and Gary W. Gallager. The second edition also features 83 new four-color maps covering the most important battles. The Civil War Battlefield Guide is an essential reference for anyone interested in the Civil War. "Reading this book is like being at the bloodiest battles of the war..."

Recommended Reading: General Lee's Army: From Victory to Collapse (624 pages). Editorial Review (Publishers Weekly): You cannot say that University of North Carolina professor Glatthaar (Partners in Command) did not do his homework in this massive examination of the Civil War–era lives of the men in Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Glatthaar spent nearly 20 years examining and ordering primary source material to ferret out why Lee's men fought, how they lived during the war, how they came close to winning, and why they lost. Continued below...

Glatthaar marshals convincing evidence to challenge the often-expressed notion that the war in the South was a rich man's war and a poor man's fight and that support for slavery was concentrated among the Southern upper class. Lee's army included the rich, poor and middle-class, according to the author, who contends that there was broad support for the war in all economic strata of Confederate society. He also challenges the myth that because Union forces outnumbered and materially outmatched the Confederates, the rebel cause was lost, and articulates Lee and his army's acumen and achievements in the face of this overwhelming opposition. This well-written work provides much food for thought for all Civil War buffs.

Return to American Civil War Homepage

Best viewed with Internet Explorer or Google Chrome

Google Safe.jpg