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Confederate Order of Battle

Battle of Gettysburg


General Robert E. Lee

Lt. General James Longstreet

McLAWS' DIVISION- Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws

Kershaw's Brigade- Brig. General Joseph B. Kershaw
2nd South Carolina- Col. John D. Kennedy; Lt. Col. F. Gaillard
3rd South Carolina- Maj. Robert C. Maffett; Col. J. D. Nance
7th South Carolina- Col. D. Wyatt Aiken
8th South Carolina- Col. John W. Henagan
15th South Carolina- Col. William DeSaussure; Maj. William M. Gist
3rd South Carolina Battalion- Lt. Col. William G. Rice

Semmes' Brigade- Brig. General Paul J. Semmes; Col. Goode Bryan
10th Georgia- Col. John B. Weems
50th Georgia- Col. William R. Manning
51st Georgia- Col. Edward Ball
53rd Georgia- Col. James P. Simms

Barksdale's Brigade- Brig. General William Barksdale; Col. Benjamin G. Humphreys
13th Mississippi- Col. John W. Carter
17th Mississippi- Col. William D. Holder; Lt. Col. John C. Fiser
18th Mississippi- Col. Thomas M. Griffin; Lt. Col. W. H. Luse
21st Mississippi- Col. Benjamin G. Humphreys

Wofford's Brigade- Brig. General William T. Wofford
16th Georgia- Col. Goode Bryan
18th Georgia- Lt. Col. Solon Z. Ruff
24th Georgia- Col. Robert McMillin
Cobb's (Georgia) Legion- Lt. Col. Luther J. Glenn
Phillips' (Georgia) Legion- Lt. Col. Elihu S. Barclay

Artillery Battalion- Col. Henry Coalter Cabell
Battery A, 1st North Carolina Artillery- Capt. Basil C. Manly
Pulaski (Georgia) Artillery- Capt. John C. Fraser; Lieut. W. J. Furlong
1st Richmond Howitzers- Capt. Edward S. McCarthy
Troup (Georgia) Artillery- Capt. Henry H. Carlton; Lt. C. W. Motes

PICKETT'S DIVISION- Brig. General George E. Pickett

Garnett's Brigade- Brig. Gen. Richard B. Garnett; Maj. C. S. Peyton
8th Virginia- Col. Eppa Hunton
18th Virginia- Lt. Col. Henry A. Carrington
19th Virginia- Col. Henry Gantt; Lt. Col. John T. Ellis
28th Virginia- Col. Robert C. Allen; Lt. Col. William Watts
56th Virginia- Col. William D. Stewart; Lt. Col. P. P. Slaughter

Kemper's Brigade- Brig. Gen. James L. Kemper; Col. Joseph Mayo, Jr.
1st Virginia- Col. Lewis B. Williams; Major Frank H. Langley
3rd Virginia- Col. Joseph Mayo, Jr.; Lt. Col. A. D. Callcote
7th Virginia- Col. Waller T. Patton
11th Virginia- Maj. Kirkwood Otey
24th Virginia- Col. William R. Terry

Armistead's Brigade- Brig. General Lewis A. Armistead; Col. William R. Aylett
9th Virginia- Maj. John C. Owens
14th Virginia- Col. James G. Hodges; Lt. Col. William White
38th Virginia- Col. Edward C. Edmonds; Lt. Col. P. B. Whittle
53rd Virginia- Col. William R. Aylett; Lt. Col Rawley Martin
57th Virginia- Col. John Bowie Magruder

Artillery Battalion- Major James Dearing
Fauquier (Virginia) Artillery- Capt. Robert M. Stribling
Hampden (Virginia) Artillery- Capt. William H. Caskie
Richmond Fayette Artillery- Capt. Miles C. Macon
Lynchburg (Virginia) Artillery- Capt. Joseph G. Blount

HOOD'S DIVISION- Maj. General John B. Hood; Brig. General Evander M. Law

Law's Brigade- Brig. General Evander M. Law; Col. James L. Sheffield
4th Alabama- Col. Lawrence H. Scruggs
15th Alabama- Col. William C. Oates; Capt. B. A. Hill
44th Alabama- Col. William F. Perry
47th Alabama- Col. James W. Jackson; Lt. Col. J. M. Bulger; Maj. J. M. Campbell
48th Alabama- Col. James L. Sheffield; Capt. T. J. Eubanks

Robertson's Brigade- Brig. General Jerome B. Robertson
3rd Arkansas- Col. Van H. Manning; Lt. Col. R. S. Taylor
1st Texas- Col. Phillip A. Work
4th Texas- Col. John C. G. Key; Maj. J. P. Bane
5th Texas- Col. Robert M. Powell; Lt. Col. K. Bryan; Maj. J. C. Rogers

Anderson's Brigade- Brig. General George T. Anderson; Lt. Col. William Luffman
7th Georgia- Col. William W. White
8th Georgia- Col. John R. Towers
9th Georgia- Lt. Col. John C. Mounger; Maj. W. M. Jones; Capt. George Hillyer
11th Georgia- Col. Francis H. Little; Lt. Col. William Luffman; Maj. Henry D. McDaniel; Capt. William H. Mitchell
59th Georgia- Col. Jack Brown; Capt. M. G. Bass

Benning's Brigade- Brig. General Henry L. Benning
2nd Georgia- Lt. Col. William T. Harris; Maj. W. S. Shepherd
15th Georgia- Col. M. Dudley DuBose
17th Georgia- Col. Wesley C. Hodges
20th Georgia- Col. John A. Jones; Lt. Col. J. D. Waddell

Artillery Battalion- Major Mathis W. Henry
Branch (North Carolina) Artillery- Capt. Alexander C. Latham
German (South Carolina) Artillery- Capt. William K. Bachman
Palmetto (South Carolina) Light Artillery- Capt. Hugh R. Garden
Rowan (North Carolina) Artillery- Capt. James Reilly

ARTILLERY RESERVE- Colonel James B. Walton

Alexander's Battalion- Col. Edward P. Alexander
Ashland (Virginia) Artillery- Capt. Pichegru Woolfolk, Jr.; Lt. James Woolfolk
Bedford (Virginia) Artillery- Capt. Tyler C. Jordan
Brooks (South Carolina) Artillery- Lieut. S. C. Gilbert
Madison (Louisiana) Artillery- Capt. George V. Moody
Virginia (Richmond) Battery- Capt. William W. Parker
Virginia (Bath) Battery- Capt. Osmond B. Taylor

Washington Artillery of New Orleans- Major Benjamin F. Eshleman
1st Company- Capt. Charles W. Squires
2nd Company- Capt. John B. Richardson
3rd Company- Capt. Merritt B.Miller
4th Company- Capt. Joe Norcom; Lt. H. A. Battles

Lt. General Richard S. Ewell

EARLY'S DIVISION- Maj. General Jubal A. Early

Hays' Brigade- Brig. General Harry T. Hays
5th Louisiana- Maj. Alexander Hart; Capt. T. H. Biscoe
6th Louisiana- Lt. Col. Joseph Hanlon
7th Louisiana- Col. Davidson B. Penn
8th Louisiana- Col. Trevanion D. Lewis; Lt. Col. A. de Blanc; Maj. G. A. Lester
9th Louisiana- Col. Leroy A. Stafford

Smith's Brigade- Brig. General William Smith
13th Virginia- Col. John S. Hoffman
49th Virginia- Lt. Col. J. Catlett Gibson
52nd Virginia- Lt. Col. James H. Skinner

Hoke's Brigade- Colonel Issac E. Avery; Col. Archibald C. Godwin
6th North Carolina- Maj. Samuel McD. Tate
21st North Carolina- Col. William W. Kirkland
57th North Carolina- Col. Archibald C. Godwin

Gordon's Brigade- Brig. General John B. Gordon
13th Georgia- Col. James L. Smith
26th Georgia- Col. Edmund N. Atkinson
31st Georgia- Col. Clement A. Evans
38th Georgia- Capt. William L. McLeod
60th Georgia- Capt. Walter B. Jones
61st Georgia- Col. John H. Lamar

Artillery Battalion- Lt. Col. Hilary P. Jones
Charlottesville (Virginia) Artillery- Capt. James McD. Carrington
Courtney (Virginia) Artillery- Capt. William A. Tanner
Louisiana Guard Artillery- Capt. Charles A. Green
Staunton (Virginia) Artillery- Capt. Asher W. Garber

RODES' DIVISION - Maj. General Robert E. Rodes

Daniel's Brigade- Brig. General Junius Daniel
32nd North Carolina- Col. Edmind C. Brabble
43rd North Carolina- Col. Thomas S. Kenan; Lt. Col. William G. Lewis
North Carolina- Lt. Col. Samuel H. Boyd; Maj. John R. Winston; Capt. A. H. Gallaway; Capt. J. A. Hopkins
53rd North Carolina- Col. William A. Owens
2nd North Carolina Bn.- Lt. Col. Hezekiah L.Andrews; Capt. Van Brown

Iverson's Brigade- Brig. General Alfred Iverson
5th North Carolina- Capt. Speight B. West; Capt. Benjamin Robinson
12th North Carolina- Lt. Col. William S. Davis
20th North Carolina- Lt. Col. Nelson Slouh; Capt. Lewis T. Hicks
23rd North Carolina- Col. Daniel H. Christie; Capt. William H. Johnston

Doles' Brigade- Brig. General George Doles
4th Georgia- Lt. Col. David R. E. Winn; Maj. M. H. Willis
12th Georgia- Col. Edward Willis
21st Georgia- Col. John T. Mercer
44th Georgia- Col. Samuel P. Lumpkin; Maj. W. H. Peebles

Ramseur's Brigade- Brig. General Stephen D. Ramseur
2nd North Carolina- Maj. Daniel W. Hurt; Capt. James T. Scales
4th North Carolina- Col. Bryan Grimes
14th North Carolina- Col. R. Tyler Bennett; Maj. Joseph H. Lambeth
30th North Carolina- Col. Francis M. Parker; Maj. W. W. Sillers

O'Neal's Brigade- Colonel Edward A. O'Neal
3rd Alabama- Col. Cullin A. Battle
5th Alabama- Col. Josephus M. Hall
6th Alabama- Col. James N. Lightfoot; Capt. M. L. Bowie
12th Alabama- Col. Samuel B. Pickens
26th Alabama- Lt. Col. John C. Goodgame

Artillery Battalion- Lt. Col. Thomas H. Carter
Jeff Davis (Alabama) Artillery- Capt. William J. Reese
King William (Virginia) Artillery- Capt. William P. Carter
Morris (Virginia) Artillery- Capt. Richard C. M. Page
Orange (Virginia) Artillery- Capt. Charles W. Fry

JOHNSON'S DIVISION- Maj. General Edward Johnson

Steuart's Brigade- Brig. General George H. Steuart
1st Maryland Battalion Infantry- Lt. Col. James R. Herbert; Maj. W. W. Goldsborough; Capt. J. P. Crane
1st North Carolina- Lt. Col. Hamilton Allen Brown
3rd North Carolina- Maj. Willliam M. Parsley
10th Virginia- Capt. William B. Yancey
23rd Virginia- Lt. Col. Simeon T. Walton
37th Virginia- Maj. Henry C. Wood

Nicholls' Brigade- Colonel Jesse M. Williams
1st Louisiana- Col. Michael Nolan
2nd Louisiana- Lt. Col. Ross E. Burke
10th Louisiana- Maj. Thomas N. Powell
14th Louisiana- Lt. Col. David Zable
15th Louisiana- Maj. Andrew Bradey

Stonewall Brigade- Brig. General James Walker
2nd Virginia- Col. John Q.A. Nadenbousch
4th Virginia- Maj. William Terry
5th Virginia- Col. John H. S. Funk
27th Virginia- Lt. Col. Daniel M. Shriver
33rd Virginia- Capt. James B. Golladay

Jones' Brigade- Brig. General John M. Jones; Lt. Col. Robert H. Dungan
21st Virginia- Capt. William P. Moseley
25th Virginia- Col. John C. Higginbotham; Lt. Col. J. A. Robinson
42nd Virginia- Col. Robert Withers; Capt. S. H. Saunders
44th Virginia- Maj. Norval Cobb; Capt. T. R. Buckner
48th Virginia- Lt. Col. Robert H. Dungan; Maj. Oscar White
50th Virginia- Lt. Col. Logan H. N. Salyer

Artillery Battalion- Major James W. Latimer
1st Maryland Battery- Capt. William F. Dement
Alleghany (Virginia) Artillery- Capt. John C. Carpenter
Chesapeake (Maryland) Artillery- Capt. William D. Brown
Lee (Virginia) Battery- Capt. Charles I. Raine; Lt. William M. Hardwicke

ARTILLERY RESERVE- Colonel J. Thompson Brown

First Virginia Artillery- Capt. Willis J. Dance
2nd Richmond (Virginia) Howitzers- Capt. David Watson
3rd Richmond (Virginia) Howitzers- Capt. Benjamin H. Smith, Jr.
Powhatan (Virginia) Artillery- Lt. John M. Cunningham
Rockbridge (Virginia) Artillery- Capt. Archibald Graham
Salem (Virginia) Artillery- Lt. Charles B. Griffin

Nelson's Battalion- Lt. Colonel William Nelson
Amherst (Virginia) Artillery- Capt. Thomas J. Kirkpatrick
Fluvanna (Virginia) Artillery- Capt. John L. Massie
Georgia Battery- Capt. John Milledge, Jr.

Lt. General Ambrose P. Hill

ANDERSON'S DIVISION- Maj. General Richard H. Anderson

Wilcox's Brigade- Brig. General Cadmus M. Wilcox
8th Alabama- Lt. Col. Hilary A. Herbert
9th Alabama- Capt. J. Horace King
10th Alabama- Col. William H. Forney; Lt. Col. James E. Shelley
11th Alabama- Col. John C. C. Sanders; Lt. Col. George E. Tayloe
14th Alabama- Col. Lucius Pinckard; Lt. Col. James A. Broome

Wright's Brigade- Brig. General Ambrose R. Wright; Colonel William Gibson
3rd Georgia- Col. Edward J. Walker
22nd Georgia- Col. Joseph A. Wasden; Capt. B. C. McCurry
48th Georgia- Col. William Gibson; Capt. M. R. Hall
2nd Georgia Battalion- Maj. George W. Ross; Capt. Charles J. Muffett

Mahone's Brigade- Brig. General William Mahone
6th Virginia- Col. George T. Rogers
12th Virginia- Col. David A. Weisiger
16th Virginia- Col. Joseph H. Ham
41st Virginia- Col. William A. Parham
61st Virginia- Col. Virginius D. Groner

Perry's Brigade- Colonel David Lang
2nd Florida- Maj. Walter R. Moore
5th Florida- Capt. Richmond N. Gardner
8th Florida- Lt. Col. William Baya

Posey's Brigade- Brig. General Carnot Posey
12th Mississippi- Col. Walter H. Taylor
16th Mississippi- Col. Samuel E. Baker
19th Mississippi- Col. Nathaniel H. Harris
48th Mississippi- Col. Joseph M. Jayne

Sumter Artillery Battalion- Major John Lane
Company A- Capt. Hugh M. Ross
Company B- Capt. George M. Patterson
Company C- Capt. John T. Wingfield

HETH'S DIVISION- Maj. General Henry Heth; Brig. General James J. Pettigrew

Pettigrew's Brigade- Brig. General James J. Pettigrew
11th North Carolina- Col. Collett Leventhorpe
26th North Carolina- Col. Henry K. Burgwyn
47th North Carolina- Col. George H. Faribault
52nd North Carolina- Col. James K. Marshall

Brockenbrough's Brigade- Colonel John M. Brockenborough
40th Virginia- Capt. T. Edwin Betts; Capt. R. B. Davis
47th Virginia- Col. Robert M. Mayo
55th Virginia- Col. William S. Christian
22nd Virginia Battalion- Maj. John S. Bowles

Archer's Brigade- Brig. General James J. Archer; Colonel Birkett D. Fry; Lt. Colonel Samuel G. Shepherd
5th Alabama Battalion- Maj. Albert S. Van De Graaf
13th Alabama- Col. Birkett D. Fry
1st Tennessee (Provisional Army)- Maj. Felix G. Buchanan
7th Tennessee- Col. John A. Fite; Lt. Col. Samuel G. Shepherd
14th Tennessee- Capt. Bruce L. Phillips

Davis' Brigade- Brig. General Joseph R. Davis
2nd Mississippi- Col. John M. Stone
11th Mississippi- Col. Francis M. Green
42nd Mississippi- Col. Hugh R. Miller
55th North Carolina- Col. John Kerr Connally

Artillery Battalion- Lt. Colonel John Garnett
Donaldsville (Louisiana) Artillery- Capt. Victor Maurin
Huger (Virginia) Artillery- Capt. Joseph D. Moore
Lewis (Virginia) Artillery- Capt. John W. Lewis
Norfolk Light Artillery Blues- Capt. Charles R. Grandy

PENDER'S DIVISION- Maj. General Willian D. Pender; Brig. General James H. Lane; Maj. General Isaac R. Trimble; Brig. Gen. James H. Lane

Perrin's Brigade- Colonel Abner Perrin
1st South Carolina (Provisional Army)- Maj. Charles W. McCreary
1st South Carolina Rifles- Capt. William M. Hadden
12th South Carolina- Col. John L. Miller
13th South Carolina- Lt. Col. Benjamin T. Brockman
14th South Carolina- Lt. Col. Joseph N. Brown

Lane's Brigade- Brig. General James H. Lane; Colonel Clark M. Avery
7th North Carolina- Capt. J. Mcleod Turner; Capt. James G. Harris
18th North Carolina- Col. John D. Barry
28th North Carolina- Col. Samuel D. Lowe; Lt. Col. W. H. A. Speer
33rd North Carolina- Col. Clark M. Avery
37th North Carolina- Col. William M. Barbour

Thomas' Brigade- Brig. General Edward L. Thomas
14th Georgia- Col. Robert W. Folsom
35th Georgia- Col. Bolling H. Holt
45th Georgia- Col. Thomas J. Simmons
49th Georgia- Col. Samuel T. Player

Scales' Brigade- Brig. General Alfred M. Scales; Lt. Colonel G. T. Gordon; Colonel W. Lee. J. Lowrance
13th North Carolina- Col. Joseph H. Hyman; Lt. Col. H. A. Rogers
16th North Carolina- Capt. Leroy W.Stowe
22nd North Carolina- Col. James Conner
34th North Carolina- Col. William L. Lowrance; Lt. Col. G. T. Gordon
38th North Carolina- Col. William J. Hoke; Lt. Col. John Ashford

Artillery Battalion- Major William T. Poague
Albemarle (Virginia) Artillery- Capt. James W. Wyatt
Charlotte (North Carolina) Artillery- Capt. Joseph Graham
Madison (Mississippi) Light Artillery- Capt. George Ward
Virginia (Warrington) Battery- Capt. James V. Brooke

ARTILLERY RESERVE- Colonel R. Lindsay Walker

Mcintosh's Battalion- Major D. G. McIntosh
Danville (Virginia) Artillery- Capt. R. Sidney Rice
Hardaway (Alabama) Artillery- Capt. William B. Hurt
2nd Rockbridge (Virginia) Artillery- Lt. Samuel Wallace
Richmond (Virginia) Battery- Capt. Marmaduke Johnson

Pegram's Battalion- Major William J. Pegram; Capt. E. B. Brunson
Crenshaw (Virginia) Battery- Capt. William G. Crenshaw
Fredericksburg (Virginia) Artillery- Capt. Edward A. Marye
Letcher (Virginia) Artillery- Capt. Thomas A. Brander
Pee Dee (South Carolina) Artillery- Lt. William E. Zimmerman
Purcell (Virginia) Artillery- Capt. Joseph McGraw

Maj. General James E. B. Stuart

Hampton's Brigade- Brig. General Wade Hampton; Colonel Laurence S. Baker
1st North Carolina Cavalry- Col. Laurence S. Baker
1st South Carolina Cavalry- Col. John L. Black
2nd South Carolina Cavalry- Col. Matthew C. Butler
Cobb's (Georgia) Legion- Col. Pierce B. L. Young
Jeff Davis (Mississippi) Legion- Col. Joseph F. Waring
Phillips' (Georgia) Legion- Lt. Col. Jefferson C. Phillips

Fitz Lee's Brigade- Brig. General W. Fitzhugh Lee
1st Virginia Cavalry- Col. James H. Drake
2nd Virginia Cavalry- Col. Thomas T. Munford
3rd Virginia Cavalry- Col. Thomas H. Owen
4th Virginia Cavalry- Col. William Carter Wickham
1st Maryland Battalion- Maj. Harry Gilmore; Maj. Ridgely Brown

Robertson's Brigade- Brig. General Beverly H. Robertson
4th North Carolina Cavalry- Col. Dennis D. Ferebee
5th North Carolina Cavalry- Col. Peter G. Evans

Jones's Brigade- Brig. General William E. Jones
6th Virginia Cavalry- Maj. Cabel E. Flourney
7th Virginia Cavalry- Lt. Col. Thomas Marshall
11th Virginia Cavalry- Col. Lunsford L. Lomax

W. H. F. Lee's Brigade- Colonel John R. Chambliss, Jr.
2nd North Carolina Cavalry- Lt. Col. William Payne; Capt. Walter A. Graham; Lt. Joseph Baker
9th Virginia Cavalry- Col. Richard L. T. Beale
10th Virginia Cavalry- Col. J. Lucius Davis
13th Virginia Cavalry- Capt. Benjamin F. Winfield

Stuart's Horse Artillery- Major Robert F. Beckham
Breathed's (Virginia) Battery- Capt. James Breathed
Chew's (Virginia) Battery- Capt. R. Preston Chew
Griffin's (Maryland) Battery- Capt. William H. Griffin
Hart's (South Carolina) Battery- Capt. James F. Hart
McGregor's (Virginia) Battery- Capt. William M. McGregor
Moorman's (Virginia) Battery- Capt. Marcellus M. Moorman

Jenkins' Brigade- Brig. General Albert G. Jenkins; Colonel Milton J. Ferguson
14th Virginia Cavalry- Maj. Benjamin F. Eakle
16th Virginia Cavalry- Col. Milton J. Ferguson
17th Virginia Cavalry- Col. William H. French
34th Virginia Battalion- Lt. Col. Vincent A. Witcher
36th Virginia Battalion- Capt. Cornelius T. Smith
Jackson's (Virginia) Battery- Capt. Thomas E. Jackson

Imboden's Command- Brig. General John D. Imboden
18th Virginia Cavalry- Col. George W. Imboden
62nd Virginia Infantry, Mounted- Col. George H. Smith
Virginia Partisan Rangers- Capt. John H. McNeill
Virginia (Staunton) Battery- Capt. John H. McClanahan

(Sources listed at bottom of page.)

Recommended Reading: General Lee's Army: From Victory to Collapse. Review: You cannot say that University of North Carolina professor Glatthaar (Partners in Command) did not do his homework in this massive examination of the Civil War–era lives of the men in Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Glatthaar spent nearly 20 years examining and ordering primary source material to ferret out why Lee's men fought, how they lived during the war, how they came close to winning, and why they lost. Glatthaar marshals convincing evidence to challenge the often-expressed notion that the war in the South was a rich man's war and a poor man's fight and that support for slavery was concentrated among the Southern upper class. Continued below.
Lee's army included the rich, poor and middle-class, according to the author, who contends that there was broad support for the war in all economic strata of Confederate society. He also challenges the myth that because Union forces outnumbered and materially outmatched the Confederates, the rebel cause was lost, and articulates Lee and his army's acumen and achievements in the face of this overwhelming opposition. This well-written work provides much food for thought for all Civil War buffs.


Recommended Reading: Lee's Lieutenants: A Study in Command (912 pages). Description: Hailed as one of the greatest Civil War books, this exhaustive study is an abridgement of the original three-volume version. It is a history of the Army of Northern Virginia from the first shot fired to the surrender at Appomattox - but what makes this book unique is that it incorporates a series of biographies of more than 150 Confederate officers. The book discusses in depth all the tradeoffs that were being made politically and militarily by the South. Continued below.

The book does an excellent job describing the battles, then at a critical decision point in the battle, the book focuses on an officer - the book stops and tells the biography of that person, and then goes back to the battle and tells what information the officer had at that point and the decision he made. At the end of the battle, the officers decisions are critiqued based on what he "could have known and what he should have known" given his experience, and that is compared with 20/20 hindsight. "It is an incredibly well written book!" View the Civil War buff's COLLECTOR'S SET at the bottom of this page.

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Recommended Reading: ONE CONTINUOUS FIGHT: The Retreat from Gettysburg and the Pursuit of Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, July 4-14, 1863 (Hardcover) (June 2008). Description: The titanic three-day battle of Gettysburg left 50,000 casualties in its wake, a battered Southern army far from its base of supplies, and a rich historiographic legacy. Thousands of books and articles cover nearly every aspect of the battle, but not a single volume focuses on the military aspects of the monumentally important movements of the armies to and across the Potomac River. One Continuous Fight: The Retreat from Gettysburg and the Pursuit of Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, July 4-14, 1863 is the first detailed military history of Lee's retreat and the Union effort to catch and destroy the wounded Army of Northern Virginia. Against steep odds and encumbered with thousands of casualties, Confederate commander Robert E. Lee's post-battle task was to successfully withdraw his army across the Potomac River. Union commander George G. Meade's equally difficult assignment was to intercept the effort and destroy his enemy. The responsibility for defending the exposed Southern columns belonged to cavalry chieftain James Ewell Brown (JEB) Stuart. If Stuart fumbled his famous ride north to Gettysburg, his generalship during the retreat more than redeemed his flagging reputation. The ten days of retreat triggered nearly two dozen skirmishes and major engagements, including fighting at Granite Hill, Monterey Pass, Hagerstown, Williamsport, Funkstown, Boonsboro, and Falling Waters. Continued below...

President Abraham Lincoln was thankful for the early July battlefield victory, but disappointed that General Meade was unable to surround and crush the Confederates before they found safety on the far side of the Potomac. Exactly what Meade did to try to intercept the fleeing Confederates, and how the Southerners managed to defend their army and ponderous 17-mile long wagon train of wounded until crossing into western Virginia on the early morning of July 14, is the subject of this study. One Continuous Fight draws upon a massive array of documents, letters, diaries, newspaper accounts, and published primary and secondary sources. These long-ignored foundational sources allow the authors, each widely known for their expertise in Civil War cavalry operations, to describe carefully each engagement. The result is a rich and comprehensive study loaded with incisive tactical commentary, new perspectives on the strategic role of the Southern and Northern cavalry, and fresh insights on every engagement, large and small, fought during the retreat. The retreat from Gettysburg was so punctuated with fighting that a soldier felt compelled to describe it as "One Continuous Fight." Until now, few students fully realized the accuracy of that description. Complimented with 18 original maps, dozens of photos, and a complete driving tour with GPS coordinates of the entire retreat, One Continuous Fight is an essential book for every student of the American Civil War in general, and for the student of Gettysburg in particular. About the Authors: Eric J. Wittenberg has written widely on Civil War cavalry operations. His books include Glory Enough for All (2002), The Union Cavalry Comes of Age (2003), and The Battle of Monroe's Crossroads and the Civil War's Final Campaign (2005). He lives in Columbus, Ohio. J. David Petruzzi is the author of several magazine articles on Eastern Theater cavalry operations, conducts tours of cavalry sites of the Gettysburg Campaign, and is the author of the popular "Buford's Boys." A long time student of the Gettysburg Campaign, Michael Nugent is a retired US Army Armored Cavalry Officer and the descendant of a Civil War Cavalry soldier. He has previously written for several military publications. Nugent lives in Wells, Maine.
Recommended Reading: Staff Officers in Gray: A Biographical Register of the Staff Officers in the Army of Northern Virginia (Hardcover: 360 pages) (The University of North Carolina Press) (September 3, 2008). Description: This indispensable Civil War reference profiles 2,300 staff officers in Robert E. Lee's famous Army of Northern Virginia. Continued below.
A typical entry includes the officer's full name, the date and place of his birth and death, details of his education and occupation, and a synopsis of his military record. Two appendixes provide a list of more than 3,000 staff officers who served in other armies of the Confederacy and complete rosters of known staff officers of each general in the Army of Northern Virginia.
Recommended ReadingBrigades of Gettysburg: The Union and Confederate Brigades at the Battle of Gettysburg (Hardcover) (704 Pages). Description: While the battle of Gettysburg is certainly the most-studied battle in American history, a comprehensive treatment of the part played by each unit has been ignored. Brigades of Gettysburg fills this void by presenting a complete account of every brigade unit at Gettysburg and providing a fresh perspective of the battle. Using the words of enlisted men and officers, the author and renowned Civil War historian, Bradley Gottfried, weaves a fascinating narrative of the role played by every brigade at the famous three-day battle, as well as a detailed description of each brigade unit. Continued below...

Organized by order of battle, each brigade is covered in complete and exhaustive detail: where it fought, who commanded, what constituted the unit, and how it performed in battle. Innovative in its approach and comprehensive in its coverage, Brigades of Gettysburg is certain to be a classic and indispensable reference for the battle of Gettysburg for years to come.


COLLECTOR'S SET! Lee's Lieutenants: A Study in Command. 3 volume LEATHER BOUND set accented in 22kt goldThe perfect gift for the Civil War buff!

Sources: Gettysburg National Military Park; Library of Congress; National Archives and Records Administration; National Park Service; Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies

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