North Carolina American Civil War Generals

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American Civil War Generals Appointed by North Carolina

Brigadier Generals:

Date of rank
Place of birth
George Burgwyn Anderson* June 9, 1862 Hillsborough
Lawrence Simmons Baker July 23, 1863 Gates County
Rufus Barringer June 1, 1864 Cabarrus County
John Decatur Barry^ August 3, 1864 Wilmington
Lawrence O'Bryan Branch* November 16, 1861 Enfield
Thomas Lanier Clingman May 17, 1862 Hunstville
John Rogers Cooke November 1, 1862 Jefferson Barracks, Missouri
William Ruffin Cox^ May 31, 1864 Scotland Neck
Junius Daniel* September 1, 1862 Halifax
Richard Caswell Gatlin July 8, 1861 Lenoir County
Archibald Campbell Godwin* August 5, 1864 Nansemond County, Virginia
James Byron Gordon* September 28, 1863 Wilkesboro
Robert Daniel Johnston September 1, 1863 Lincoln County
William Whedbee Kirkland August 29, 1863 Hillsborough
James Henry Lane November 1, 1862 Mathews Court House, Virginia
Collett Leventhorpe February 3, 1865 Devonshire, England
William Gaston Lewis^ May 31, 1864 Rocky Mount
William MacRae November 4, 1864 Wilmington
James Green Martin May 15, 1862 Elizabeth City
James Johnston Pettigrew* February 26, 1862 Tyrrell County
Matthew Whitaker Ransom June 13, 1863 Warren County
William Paul Roberts February 21, 1865 Gates County
Alfred Moore Scales June 13, 1863 Reidsville
Thomas Fentress Toon^ May 31, 1864 Columbus County
Robert Brank Vance March 1, 1863 Buncombe County

Major Generals:

Bryan Grimes February 15, 1865 Pitt County
Robert Frederick Hoke April 20, 1864 Lincolnton
William Dorsey Pender* May 27, 1863 Edgecombe County
Stephen Dodson Ramseur*^ June 1, 1864 Lincolnton
Robert Ransom Jr. May 26, 1863 Warren County
William Henry Chase Whiting* February 28, 1863 Biloxi, Mississippi

Lieutenant Generals:

Daniel Harvey Hill July 11, 1863 York District, South Carolina
Theophilus Hunter Holmes October 10, 1862 Sampson County

*killed in battle
^temporary appointment

Several North Carolina natives living in other Confederate states also served as generals in the Civil War.
In 1862 there were four general grades in the Confederate Army: brigadier-general, major-general, lieutenant-general, and general being the highest attainable rank. All wore the same insignia making it impossible to identify a general's rank by his insignia. General Robert E. Lee, nevertheless, wore the insignia of colonel. During informal communication, however, each may be addressed as general.
The general grades may also be abbreviated in various forms: major-general, for example, may be abbreviated to Maj. Gen. Jones; Maj. General Jones; Maj-Gen. Jones, etc. Formally, however, it is Major General Jones or Major-General Jones.

Sources: North Carolina Museum of History; Walter Clark, Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-1865 (Volumes 1-5); North Carolina Office of Archives and History, Department of Cultural Resources; United States Military Academy (West Point): Customs and Courtesies; Virginia Military Institute: Military Customs and Courtesies; Official Records of the Confederate and Union and Armies.

Recommended Reading: Generals in Gray Lives of the Confederate Commanders. Description: When Generals in Gray was published in 1959, scholars and critics immediately hailed it as one of the few indispensable books on the American Civil War. Historian Stanley Horn, for example, wrote, "It is difficult for a reviewer to restrain his enthusiasm in recommending a monumental book of this high quality and value." Here at last is the paperback edition of Ezra J. Warner’s magnum opus with its concise, detailed biographical sketches and—in an amazing feat of research—photographs of all 425 Confederate generals. Continued below...

The only exhaustive guide to the South’s command, Generals in Gray belongs on the shelf of anyone interested in the Civil War. RATED 5 STARS!

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Recommended Reading: Civil War High Commands (1040 pages) (Hardcover). Description: Based on nearly five decades of research, this magisterial work is a biographical register and analysis of the people who most directly influenced the course of the Civil War, its high commanders. Numbering 3,396, they include the presidents and their cabinet members, state governors, general officers of the Union and Confederate armies (regular, provisional, volunteers, and militia), and admirals and commodores of the two navies. Civil War High Commands will become a cornerstone reference work on these personalities and the meaning of their commands, and on the Civil War itself. Errors of fact and interpretation concerning the high commanders are legion in the Civil War literature, in reference works as well as in narrative accounts. Continued below.

The present work brings together for the first time in one volume the most reliable facts available, drawn from more than 1,000 sources and including the most recent research. The biographical entries include complete names, birthplaces, important relatives, education, vocations, publications, military grades, wartime assignments, wounds, captures, exchanges, paroles, honors, and place of death and interment. In addition to its main component, the biographies, the volume also includes a number of essays, tables, and synopses designed to clarify previously obscure matters such as the definition of grades and ranks; the difference between commissions in regular, provisional, volunteer, and militia services; the chronology of military laws and executive decisions before, during, and after the war; and the geographical breakdown of command structures. The book is illustrated with 84 new diagrams of all the insignias used throughout the war and with 129 portraits of the most important high commanders.


Recommended Reading: Who Was Who in the Civil War (600 pages) (Hardcover), by Stewart Sifakis. Description: It provides biographical sketches of all the major participants of the Civil War: Generals, politicians and even famous - or infamous - characters such as Jesse James and Bloody Bill Anderson. RATED A SOLID 5 STARS. Continued below...


Recommended Reading: Who Was Who in the Confederacy, by Stewart Sifakis. Description: It provides biographical sketches of all the major Confederate participants of the Civil War.


Recommended Reading: Confederate Military History Of North Carolina: North Carolina In The Civil War, 1861-1865. Description: The author, Prof. D. H. Hill, Jr., was the son of Lieutenant General Daniel Harvey Hill (North Carolina produced only two lieutenant generals and it was the second highest rank in the army) and his mother was the sister to General “Stonewall” Jackson’s wife. In Confederate Military History Of North Carolina, Hill discusses North Carolina’s massive task of preparing and mobilizing for the conflict; the many regiments and battalions recruited from the Old North State; as well as the state's numerous contributions during the war. Continued below...

During Hill's Tar Heel State study, the reader begins with interesting and thought-provoking statistical data regarding the 125,000 "Old North State" soldiers that fought during the course of the war and the 40,000 that perished. Hill advances with the Tar Heels to the first battle at Bethel, through numerous bloody campaigns and battles--including North Carolina’s contributions at the "High Watermark" at Gettysburg--and concludes with Lee's surrender at Appomattox.

Recommended Reading: The Civil War in North Carolina. Description: Numerous battles and skirmishes were fought in North Carolina during the Civil War, and the campaigns and battles themselves were crucial in the grand strategy of the conflict and involved some of the most famous generals of the war. John Barrett presents the complete story of military engagements across the state, including the classical pitched battle of Bentonville--involving Generals Joe Johnston and William Sherman--the siege of Fort Fisher, the amphibious campaigns on the coast, and cavalry sweeps such as General George Stoneman's Raid.

The American Civil War Generals from North Carolina, Photo, Photos, List of North Carolina’s Civil War Generals Names, History, Facts, Birthplace, Residence, Burial place, Pictures, Photographs, Confederate Service Record and Records

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