2nd North Carolina Mounted Infantry Regiment, U.S.
A.K.A. Union 2nd North Carolina Mounted Infantry Regiment; 2nd North Carolina (Federal) Mounted
Infantry; 2nd North Carolina Mounted, U.S.A. United States Army
The Union 2nd North Carolina Mounted Infantry was known by many names, including Home Yankees since the
regiment often tramped and fought against their home communities that dared take up arms against the Union. To raise a weapon
against your brother during the Civil War, well that actually happened if you donned Union blue and served
in only one of two mounted infantry regiments from the Tar Heel State that had their ranks filled with men who
were descendants of rebel stock, because they had dared raise a hand against King George during the American Revolution. The Federal
2nd North Carolina was formed by loyal Union men from
western North Carolina and East Tennessee, while Confederate deserters formed a fraction of the regiment.
|North Carolina Mounted Infantry
|North Carolina Mounted Infantry
Knoxville, Tenn., October 1863. Attached to 1st Brigade, Willcox's Division, 9th Army Corps, Left Wing Forces,
Dept. Ohio, to April 1864. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 23rd Army Corps, Dept. Ohio, to February 1865. 1st Brigade, 4th Division,
District of East Tennessee, Dept. of the Cumberland, to August 1865.
Ordered to Greenville, Tenn., to October 16, 1863, and assigned there till November 6. Moved to Bull's Gap
November 6, and duty there till December. March across Clinch Mountains to Clinch River. Action at Walker's Ford on December
2. Gibson's and Wyerman's, Miss., February 22, 1864. Duty at Cumberland Gap and patrol duty in East Tennessee till April 1865. Scout from Cumberland Gap January 23-27, 1865. Expedition from East Tennessee into Western North Carolina March 21-April 25, 1865. Moved to Boone, N.C., April 6, and to Asheville, N.C., April 27-30. Duty in North Carolina and East
Tennessee till August. Mustered out August 16, 1865.
|Route of Union General George Stoneman's Raid
|(Stoneman's Raid Map)
"Swarms of [North Carolina] men liable to conscription are gone to the tories or
to the Yankees." Brigadier General J. W. McElroy, First Brigade North Carolina Home Guard, April 12, 1864
The Union Army recruited two mounted infantry regiments within North Carolina, and both units, 2nd North Carolina Mounted Infantry and 3rd North Carolina Mounted, were raised principally from loyal Union men of
Western North Carolina counties. The men who formed the 2nd North Carolina Mounted
Infantry were recruited from Western North Carolina, East Tennessee, and a fraction of its ranks were filled with Confederate
deserters. Recruitment of these regiments epitomized the Brother's War, and the men serving in these two Union
units were commonly referred to as Home Yankees and tories. Union Major
General George Stoneman's command as it concerns Western North Carolina in 1865: Second North Carolina Mounted Infantry
Regiment, Lieut. Colonel William C. Bartlett; Third North Carolina Mounted Infantry Regiment, Colonel George W. Kirk; First
Brigade, Commanding Colonel Chauncey G. Hawley; Fourth Division, Department of the Cumberland, Brig. General Davis Tillson;
District of East Tennessee, Major General George Stoneman. To view entire Union District of East Tennessee, including 1st
and 2nd Brigades, and Brig. Gen. Gillem's Cavalry Division, see Stoneman's Cavalry Raid and O.R., 1, 49, pt. II, pp. 538-539*.
Records of the Union and Confederate Armies
Sources: National Park Service: Soldiers and Sailors System; Official Records of the Union
and Confederate Armies; North Carolina Museum of History.
Recommended Reading: Bushwhackers, The Civil War in North Carolina:
The Mountains (338 pages). Description: Trotter's book (which could have been titled "Murder, Mayhem, and Mountain Madness") is an epic
backdrop for the most horrific murdering, plundering and pillaging of the mountain communities of western North Carolina during
the state’s darkest hour—the American Civil War. Commonly referred to as Southern Appalachia, the North
Carolina and East Tennessee mountains witnessed divided loyalties in its bushwhackers
and guerrilla units. These so-called “bushwhackers” even used the conflict to settle old feuds and scores, which,
in some cases, continued well after the war ended. Continued below...
were highly organized ‘fighting guerrilla units’ while others were a motley group of deserters and outliers,
and, since most of them were residents of the region, they were familiar with the terrain and made for a “very formidable
foe.” In this work, Trotter does a great job on covering the many facets of the bushwhackers, including their: battles,
skirmishes, raids, activities, motives, the outcome, and even the aftermath. This book is also a great source for tracing
ancestors during the Civil War; a must have for the family researcher of Southern Appalachia.
Reading: The Loyal Mountaineers Of Tennessee (1888) (Hardcover: 426 pages) (Kessinger Publishing, LLC) (June 2, 2008).
Description: This book defines the importance of East Tennessee and its residents to the
Union cause during the Civil War. The author begins with early history of East Tennessee
and the events which led to the War Between the States. He continues by describing local people and events that contributed
to the decision to remain loyal to the United States.
The events of the War as they involve East Tennessee are detailed, including important meetings and battles such as Carter's
Raid and the siege of Knoxville. Continued below...
text is enhanced with illustrated portraits of East Tennessee individuals who contributed to the Civil War effort. Originally written
and published in 1888, this reprinted edition is accompanied by a complete index. This book is a valuable addition to both
the Tennessee historian and the Civil War buff.
Recommended Reading: East Tennessee and the Civil War (Hardcover: 588 pages). Description: A solid social, political, and military history, this work gives light to the rise of the pro-Union
and pro-Confederacy factions. It explores the political developments and recounts in fine detail the military maneuvering
and conflicts that occurred. Beginning with a history of the state's first settlers, the author lays a strong foundation for
understanding the values and beliefs of East Tennesseans. He examines the rise of abolition
and secession, and then advances into the Civil War. Continued below...
Early in the
conflict, Union sympathizers burned a number of railroad bridges, resulting in occupation by Confederate troops and abuses
upon the Unionists and their families. The author also documents in detail the ‘siege and relief’ of Knoxville.
Although authored by a Unionist, the work is objective in nature and fair in its treatment of the South and the Confederate
cause, and, complete with a comprehensive index, this work should be in every Civil War library.
Bridge Burners: A True Adventure of East Tennessee Underground
Civil War. Description: When the East Tennessee and Virginia Railway line
was completed, dignitaries gathered in celebration as the final spike was hammered into the last tie in Greene County. Opening new doors of growth
and economic development in the Region, the railroad would become a point of conflict only three years later. When the Civil
War began, the line became a vital link in transporting Confederate troops and supplies into Virginia. The railroad was vulnerable since many hostile Unionists remained in the region.
Confederate authorities were understandably worried about the rail lines and how to protect them. Inevitably
the stage was set and on a cold Friday night, November 8, 1861, the Unionists proceeded with plans to burn the key railroad
bridges of East Tennessee;
President Abraham Lincoln had approved the plan. This thoroughly researched, easy-to-read narrative tells the incredible
true story of the people and events in the ‘insurrection gone wrong’.
Recommended Reading: The Civil War in North Carolina.
Description: Numerous battles and skirmishes were fought in North Carolina during the Civil War, and the campaigns and battles themselves were crucial
in the grand strategy of the conflict and involved some of the most famous generals of the war. Continued below...
John Barrett presents the complete story of military engagements and battles across the state, including
the classical pitched battle of Bentonville--involving Generals Joe Johnston and William
Sherman--the siege of Fort Fisher, the amphibious campaigns on the
coast, and cavalry sweeps such as General George Stoneman's Raid. "Includes cavalry battles, Union Navy
operations, Confederate Navy expeditions, Naval bombardments, the land battles... [A]n indispensable edition." Also
available in hardcover: The Civil War in North Carolina.