20th Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment : Historical Sketch

Thomas' Legion
American Civil War HOMEPAGE
American Civil War
Causes of the Civil War : What Caused the Civil War
Organization of Union and Confederate Armies: Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery
Civil War Navy: Union Navy and Confederate Navy
American Civil War: The Soldier's Life
Civil War Turning Points
American Civil War: Casualties, Battles and Battlefields
Civil War Casualties, Fatalities & Statistics
Civil War Generals
American Civil War Desertion and Deserters: Union and Confederate
Civil War Prisoner of War: Union and Confederate Prison History
Civil War Reconstruction Era and Aftermath
American Civil War Genealogy and Research
Civil War
American Civil War Pictures - Photographs
African Americans and American Civil War History
American Civil War Store
American Civil War Polls
North Carolina Civil War History
North Carolina American Civil War Statistics, Battles, History
North Carolina Civil War History and Battles
North Carolina Civil War Regiments and Battles
North Carolina Coast: American Civil War
Western North Carolina and the American Civil War
Western North Carolina: Civil War Troops, Regiments, Units
North Carolina: American Civil War Photos
Cherokee Chief William Holland Thomas
Cherokee Indian Heritage, History, Culture, Customs, Ceremonies, and Religion
Cherokee Indians: American Civil War
History of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indian Nation
Cherokee War Rituals, Culture, Festivals, Government, and Beliefs
Researching your Cherokee Heritage
Civil War Diary, Memoirs, Letters, and Newspapers

20th Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment: Historical Sketch

(Three Years)

Twentieth Infantry.--Cols., Adelbert Ames, Joshua L.
Chamberlain, Charles D. Gilmore, Ellis Spear; Lieut.-Cols.,
Joshua L. Chamberlain, Charles D. Gilmore, Walter G. Morrill,
Thomas D. Chamberlain; Majs. Charles D. Gilmore, Ellis Spear,
Atherton W. Clark, George R. Abbott. This was the last of the
three-year regiments raised in the state in the summer of 1862.
It was rendezvoused at Portland and mustered into the U. S.
service Aug. 29, 1862. The original members whose term of
service expired prior to Oct. 1, 1865, were mustered out at
Washington, D. C., June 5, 1865, and the enlisted men of the
16th Me. infantry and the 1st Me. sharpshooters were
transferred to the 20th, June 5 and June 21, 1865,
respectively. The regiment as thus reorganized was finally
mustered out near Washington, July 16, 1865. On Sept. 3, 1862,
the 20th left the state, and on the 7th went into camp at the
arsenal grounds, Washington, D. C. Attached to Butterfield's
brigade, Porter's division, it formed a portion of the reserve
at Antietam, and was under fire for 36 hours at the battle of
Fredericksburg, where the men acted with great gallantry in
this, their first serious battle. A list of the important
battles in which the 20th subsequently engaged includes
Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Rappahannock Station, Mine Run,
Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Totopotomy, North Anna river,
Bethesda Church, Hatcher's run, Petersburg, Weldon railroad,
Peebles' farm, Boydton road, Gravelly run and Five Forks.
After the battle of Chancellorsville, Col. Ames was promoted to
brigadier-general, and Lieut.-Col. Chamberlain assumed command.
Under his command it formed the extreme left of the line at
Gettysburg on the second day of that sanguinary contest and was
hotly engaged for many hours. Its total loss was 3 officers
and 134 enlisted men killed and wounded. At the opening of the
spring campaign of 1864, recruits and returning convalescents
augmented the numbers of the regiment about 100 men, so that it
numbered 347 muskets. It was still attached to the 3d brigade,
1st division, 5th corps. On June 6, 1864, Col. Chamberlain was
assigned to the command of the 1st brigade of the division and
Maj. Spear assumed command of the regiment. In the gallant
charge on the enemy's works at Peebles' farm on Sept. 30, 1864,
it suffered a loss of 57 men killed and wounded, out of 167 men
taken into action, but captured 6 commissioned officers, 70 men
and a piece of artillery. Its whole number of casualties
during the year 1864 was 298; and it received 200 recruits. In
Jan., 1865, it mustered 275 muskets for duty. On the
completion of negotiations for the surrender of Lee's army, the
20th was one of the regiments designated to receive the
Confederate arms.

Source: The Union Army, vol. 1

Return to American Civil War Homepage

Best viewed with Internet Explorer or Google Chrome

Google Safe.jpg